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Baby Doll
[M. grandiflora], cv. (cultivated in Tampa, Florida, circa 1969), described as a ‘slow grower’ or ‘dwarf plant. reported in a lecture given by J. C. McDaniel to the Tennessee Nurserymens Association.

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Tom Dodd Nurseries, Semmes, Alabama, before 1963). Cultivated in U. S. Natl. Arboretum, #24530. Collected in Baldwin County Alabama. in a Pickard, Magnolia Gardens list, p. 5, January 1970, Canterbury, Kent, England. nomen nudum. Per letter, 4 Dec. 1973, Tom Dodd, Jr. to J. C. McDaniel, cv. Baldwin was found in Alabama State Park, Baldwin County (for which named) in 1961. Flower white, slightly larger than average, blooming late in season. Plant was selected for outstanding foliage: individual leaves oblong to obovate, 7 1/2 in. long by 4 1/2 in. wide, dark green above, with underside unusually dark russet tomentose. Leaf undersides easily seen, due to upright growth of plant.

[M. stellata], cv. M. x loebneri cv. Ballerina.

[M. x loebneri], cv. (J. C. McDaniel, Newsl. Illinois State Nurserymen's Assn. Newsletter in June, 1969), J. C. McDaniel, Newsl. Amer. Magnol. Soc. 7 (1): 3, fig. 4. (1970), flowers fragrant, tepals to 30 or more, pale pink at the base. Cuttings root readily with indolebutyric acid under mist in early May. (M. x loebneri cv. Spring Snow x M. stellata cv. Waterlily).

Banana Split
[M. acuminata, M. denudata, M. x brooklynensis, M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 35(2) [Issue 66]: 25, 1999) ‘This cultivar has flowers that are green in a pointed, elongated bud, opening to show nine tepals, up to 15 cm long x 5 cm wide. Large outer tepals are yellow-cream with a green base and five to seven purple stripes. The inner tepals are white with a green base and larger purplish flash from base to middle of the tepal. The overall impression is pale, (more so than ‘Elizabeth’) big, floppy flowers, flowering with the leaves. This is one of eleven seedlings of the same cross, made by August Kehr using ‘Elizabeth’ as the pollen parent. Three siblings have flowered and the flowers of these are much smaller and more irregular than those of ‘Banana Split.’ The tree of ‘Banana Split’ is vigorous and upright, reaching four meters in height in seven years. It is a late-blooming cultivar, blooming a few days after ‘Limelight,’ not sickle-shaped, and paler than that cultivar. The tree has withstood -13ºCelsius in 1999, and flowers have withstood severe late frost (-5ºC) with some flowers slightly damaged when opening a week later. Seedling flowered at seven years of age. Registered August 11, 1999 by Philippe de Spoelberch of Belgium, the plant has been distributed to Ruttan Nurseries, Netherlands.’ [M. x brooklynensis cv Woodsman x M. x soulangeana cv. Lennei] x M. cv Elizabeth.

Barbara Cook
[M. dawsoniana], cv. (Magnolia 29(2) [Issue 56]: 20, 1994). ‘This M. dawsoniana form was found to have an exceptional pink flower color. It originated as a seedling in the garden of Dr. Bowman of Fort Bragg, California and was selected in 1967. Registered in May, 1993 by Alleyne R. Cook of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, and named in honor of his wife. Mr. Cook reports that ‘Barbara Cook’ blooms in 9 years from seed in full sun, 18 years in the shade. This form is being propagated by Briggs Nursery, Olympia, Washington.’

Barbara Nell
[M. acuminata, M. sprengeri], cv. (Magnolia 29(2) [Issue 56]: 20, 1994). ‘This cultivar is pyramidal in growth with an upright leader, resembling M. acuminata. The flowers are creamy white (RHS yellow-white 158B) with an overlay of pink (RHS Red 36B) shading from the base of the tepal up the midrib. The effect up close is a pale yellow to peach, and from a distance the flowers appear very pale yellow. The final form of the flower is cup-and-saucer with 10 tepals. The outer tepals are 4 in. by 2 in. at the widest point, with inner tepals slightly smaller. ‘Barbara Nell’ is the result of a cross made by Phil Savage, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, in 1979. Some seedlings were obtained by Richard B. Figlar, Pomona, New York, who gave one to Patricia Walton, Mahwah, New Jersey. Ms. Walton named the cultivar in honor of Broadway actress Barbara Nell Cook, who was inducted into the Theater Hall of Fame this spring. Ms. Walton notes that the flowers have a pleasant fragrance and are perhaps best viewed up close. Her tree first bloomed at 10 years of age. It is now 20 feet tall at 15 years of age, very vigorous on naturally acid soil, and is very floriferous. It blooms in late April and early May in her garden, is hardy at least to zone 6 and has never shown frost damage. Registered by Ms. Walton in June, 1994. This is a sister seedling to ‘Peachy.'‘ (M. acuminata cv. Fertile Myrtle x M. sprengeri cv. Diva).

[M. denudata], cv. (Overlook Nurseries, Mobile, Alabama, before 1950). Flowers pale pink. Originator doubts if any plants still exist. Original plant now dead. Wyman, Amer. Nurseryman Ill (7): (1960).

[M. liliiflora, M. stellata], cv. (Dudley & Kosar, Morris Arb. Bull. 19: 26, fig. 2. 1968), midseason blooming, flowers large, to 8 in. in diameter, buds red-purple (RHS 71A-74D), tepals 12-19, spatulate or ligulate to subulate, blunt or apiculate, 2-3 in. long, 3/4-1 1/2 in. wide, lax at maturity, constricted into a claw 1/4-3/4 in. wide, fls. greyed-purple (RHS 187A-187D) at the base, grading to red-purple (RHS 73D-74D) at the apex, inside white (RHS 155D); stamens 70-90, greyed-purple (Rhs 186b-187c). a sterile triploid. U.S. Natl. Arb. #28348. (M. liliiflora cv. Nigra x M. Stellata cv. Rosea).

Betty Jessel
[M. campbellii], cv. (Extr. Proc. p. 17, Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. 92, 1967, as cv. Darjeeling). ‘Cultivated by Sir George Jessel, Ladham House, Goudhurst, Kent, England. as cv. Darjeeling in Treseder’s Nurseries Catalog circa 1969, p. 1, Truro, Cornwall, England, ‘a remarkable purple form...’ in letter, 16th Aug. 1974, Sir George Jessel to J. C. McDaniel, ‘some 35 years ago I imported into England...a seedling of a very dark form of M. campbellii which grew in the Botanical Garden of Darjeeling. This grew well here and was absolutely of same color as its parent and flowered late in April into May. I obtained an award of merit for it at Royal Horticultural Society on 18th April 1972. Sir Eric Savile who was in chair asked me to call it Darjeeling but Harold Hillier objected as my plant was a seedling and his young plants... are vegetatively produced from original plant in Darjeeling and may flower in 25 years time. So I called it after my wife...(cv). Betty Jessel. Meanwhile while it was still called Darjeeling Treseder failed to propagate it and so did Congreve in Ireland. None of us have yet been successful (and I have not had any seed pods which is rather absurd...).’

[M. acuminata], cv. (Lavallee) Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.40: 153. (1915), peduncles 2-flowered. Basionym: M. cordata cv. Biflora (Lavallee, Arb. Segrez. 7. 1877), nomen nudum. This should be retained under M. cordata.

[M. acuminata subsp. subcordata], cv. (Lavallee, Arb. Segrez. 7. 1877), nomen nudum, in Mouillefert, Traite 115 (1891), More floriferous than the type. syn.: M. acuminata cv. Biflora (Lavallee) Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.40: 153 (1915), peduncles 2-flowered.

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Treyve, at Trevoux, Ain, France, about 1860), per Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.41: 77 (1916), foliage dense, briefly pyramidal; leaves briefly elliptic, margin undulate, ferruginous beneath; peduncles usually two-flowered. In Rev. Hort. 1885: 521 (1885), per Pampanini. See Nicholson, Dict. Gard. Cent. Suppl. 512 (1901).

Big Dude
[M. x soulangeana, M. sprengeri], cv. (Magnolia 25(1) [Issue 47]: 19, 1989). ‘Bears a striking resemblance to M. sargentiana var. robusta, with an upright but spreading habit of growth; flowers very large, up to 35 CM. in diameter; 9-12 tepals, nodding, fragrant, rose pink outside, white within.’ Registered by Phil Savage, Jr., 2150 Woodward Ave., Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. (M. sprengeri cv. Diva x M. x soulangeana cv. Picture.)

Big Pink
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Callaway, Dorothy J. The World of Magnolias, p. 205, 1994). ‘A superior cultivar originating in Japan and sent to K. Sawada of Overlook Nurseries in Mobile, Alabama. It was sold in the United States for some time as ‘Alexandrina’ and has recently been marketed as ‘Big Pink.’ It blooms later than most cultivars of Magnolia x soulangeana, making it better for use in northern climes. The tree is very floriferous, with flowers less likely to be damaged by wind or rain.’ See also Magnolia 25(2) [Issue 48]: pp. 16-18, 1990.)

[M. officinalis], var. (Rehder & Wilson in Sargent, Pl. Wilson. 1: 392. 1913). Leaves profoundly emarginate to bilobed, sinus 2-3 cm. deep. cultivated at Kiukiang, Kiangsi, China. found by Wilson.


Birgitta Flinck
[M. macrophylla, M. virginiana], cv. (Magnolia 24(2) [Issue 46]: 9, 1989). ‘Similar to [cv. Karl Flinck], but with unspotted flowers.’ (M. macrophylla x M. virginiana).

[M. cylindrica], cv. (Magnolia 31(1) [Issue 59]: 17, 1996). ‘The flowers of this cultivar are white with a strong purple base. It is named by Philippe de Spoelberch, Wespelaar, Belgium, who writes that he acquired two cuttings of this form from Karl Flinck at Bjuv, Sweden. Karl's plant is M. cylindrica grown from seeds collected from the wild in China by staff of the Arnold Arboretum. Although there are frequently questions about the origins of the M. cylindrica forms in cultivation, and concerns about what constitutes the real M. cylindrica, Philippe writes that ‘Bjuv’ flowers have distinct sepaloid petals, as seen in section Buergeria (to which cylindrica belongs) but not found in section Yulania. These sepaloid petals fall quickly and therefore may not be seen on all flowers. The leaves of ‘Bjuv’ are elliptic and have a bluish tone. It is easily grown from cuttings and sensitive to drought, hardy to zone 6. ‘Bjuv’ was selected in 1995 and registered by Philippe de Spoelberch.’

Black Tulip
[M. campbellii, M. liliiflora, M. sargentiana(?), M. x soulangeana(?)], cv. (Gardiner, Jim. Magnolias: A Gardener’s Guide, p. 246-247, 2000). ‘‘Black Tulip,’ a cross between ‘Vulcan’ as seed parent and possibly ‘Iolanthe’ as pollen parent, has goblet-shaped flowers that are a beautiful port-wine red colour, but more intense than the seed parent.’

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Magnolia 25(1) [Issue 47]: 19, 1989). ‘Listed in Magnolia 23(2): 4, 1988 as ‘H. D. Blackwell’ and described as having glossy, undulating leaves.’ Registered by Louisiana Nursery, Opelousas, Louisiana.

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Magnolia 25(1) [Issue 47]: 19, 1989). ‘A selection with a compact pyramidal habit of growth; its broadly elliptic leaves are dark, glossy green with an intense copper-colored indumentum. Flower size and shape typical of the species.’ Introduced by Robbins Nursery, Willard, North Carolina. Listed as ‘D. D. Blanchard’ in Magnolia 23(2): 2, 1988.

Blood Moon
[M. sargentiana], cv. (cultivated at Strybing Arboretum, San Francisco, California), A dark flowered cultivar. Recorded as coming from Viscount Cranborne (now 6th Marquess of Salisbury).

[M. tripetala], cv. (registered, 1974, by J. C. McDaniel, Urbana, Ill). Exceptionally long and thick leaves for species; flowers somewhat larger than average, with often extra tepals; fruit normal. Original tree from Pennsylvania seed source raised by Philip Savage, Jr., 2150 Woodward Avenue, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan. Has been cross-compatible with other species.

Blushing Belle
[M. 'Yellow Bird' x M. 'Caerhays Belle'] cv. (Magnolia 36(2) [Issue 70]: 16, 2001) Flowers of this hybrid are similar to those of 'Caerhays Belle', but with narrower tepals and deeper pink interior; exterior is a deep pink with no trace of yellow; the tree bloomed after -29C (-20F); grafted plants bloom after two years; this hybrid has poor seed and fair pollen fertility; registered in July 2001 by Dennis Ledvina.

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Nearing, Gard. Chron. Amer. 45: 383. 1941), called ‘Bogue Magnolia.’ = M. grandiflora cv. Edith Bogue.

Borde Hill
[M. campbellii], cv. (Johnstone, Asiatic Magnol. 62, fig. 7. 1955), leaf illustrated as being broadly oblong. Flowers not described. (cv. of ssp. mollicomata).

Borde Hill
[M. wilsonii], cv. (Stephenson R. Clarke, Gard. Chron. 87: 462. 1930), flowers larger than the typical form.

[M. kobus], var. (Sargent, Trees & Shrubs 2: 57. 1908), tree to 80 ft.; leaves and petals larger than type. from Hokkaido Is., Japan. syn.: M. borealis (Sargent) Kudo, Medic. Pl. Hokk. T. 47 (1922). M. praecocissima var. Borealis (Sargent) Koidzumi, Bot. Mag. Tokyo 43: 387 (1929), native to northern Japan. very hardy.

[M. praecocissima], var. (Sargent) (Koidzumi, Bot. Mag. Tokyo 43: 387. 1929) = M. kobus var. borealis.

[M. liliiflora], cv. (Gard. Chron. 9: 590. 1891), as M. obovata cv. Borreriana. nomen nudum. See Bean, The Garden 46: 414 (1894), ‘petals long and narrow.’

Bouton Blanc
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Leroy, cat. p. 7. 1850, Angers, France), ‘White Button.’

[M. wilsonii], cv. (Gossler Farms Nursery catalog, p. 7, 1984-85, Springfield, Oregon). ‘Bears large 6 pendant flowers with pure porcelain white tepals of excellent substance in May-June. Hardy tree up to 25'. Flowers numerous and seed cones large and very decorative....’

Bracken's Brown Beauty
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Magnolia 25(1) [Issue 47]: 19, 1989). ‘A patented selection (#5520) discovered in a nursery row in Easley, South Carolina by Ray Bracken in 1968. Dense pyramidal habit and prolific flower production; flowers about half the typical grandiflora size; leaves dark green with undulating margins and a rusty-brown indumentum’ (Magnolia 23(2): 6, 1988).

[M. sargentiana], cv. (Magnolia 29(2) [Issue 56]: 22, 1994). ‘This unusual form has new foliage that emerges tubular or cornucopia-shaped and, after various contortions over about 3 months, eventually becomes normal. The flowers are about the same size and color of typical M. sargentiana var. robusta, but the inside of the flowers is quite pale. Originated in the garden of Dr. Bowman, Fort Bragg, California, and registered by Alleyne Cook of Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ‘Briar’ is being propagated by Briggs Nursery, Olympia, Washington.’

Broad Leaf Clone
[M. salicifolia], cv. (Otto Eisenhut nursery catalog, p. 5, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). Nomen nudum.

Bronze Beauty
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Hume, Morris Arb. Bull. 12: 15. 1961) Leaves marked dark bronze during the first 2-3 weeks; tree columnar, well-branched to the ground. Original tree on the horticulture department grounds of the University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.

Bronze Sentinel
[M. schiedeana], cv. (John G. Fairey and Carl M. Schoenfeld, Mexican Magic. Amer. Nur. 178(12), pp. 55-79(63-65). 1993). ‘...we saw that this amazing tree was...flushing deep bronze foliage that was distinctly different from that of the other trees in the vicinity. We grew this unique form of Magnolia from an air-layered cutting, and it is now thriving in our garden, continuiong to produce new purple-bronze foliage that slowly ages to dark greenn.’ = M. tamaulipana (Vazquez) cv. Bronze Sentinel.

[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Leroy, cat. p. 79. 1873, Angers, France), as sp., flowers white, from ‘Brozzon.’ See Gard. Chron. III, 124: 191 (1948) & Amer. Hort. Mag. 41: 60 (1962). Wister, Swarthmore Pl. Notes, Ed. 3, 1 (1): 86 (1955-56), ‘Outside petals tinged purplish rose extending up along the veins slightly farther than in cv. Alba (almost halfway). Largest of pale varieties, having 9 petals; 5 x 3 in.’ apparently first grown by Leroy.

[M. denudata], cv. (sic) Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.40: 199. 1915), flowers very large, white. = M. x soulangeana cv. Brozzonii.

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Leroy, catalogue p. 64. 1856, Angers, France), nomen nudum. in Leroy, cat. p, 79 (1873), ‘leaves bullate.’

[M. virginiana], cv. (Whitley, Brames & Milne, Fulham Nursery, London), in Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 3: 204 (1820), as M. glauca cv. Burchell's Double. Loudon, Hort. Brit. 226 (1830), as M. glauca cv. Burchelliana. syn.: M. Burchelliana (Steudel, Nom. Bot., Ed. 2, 2: 89. 1841); M. buchananiana (K. Koch, Hort. Dendr. 5. 1853). in Nicholson, The Garden 24: 512 (1883), flowers double. Compare cv. Flore Pleno and cv. Gordoniana.

[M. x soulangeana], cv. (W. B, Clarke & Co., catalog, 1943, San Jose, Calif.), Received from an unknown source about 1930. Wister, Swarthmore Plant Notes Ed. 3, 1 (1): 87 (1955-56), ‘so named because of deep color like burgundy wine. Deep purple variety, flowers earlier than most of the others.’ the year 1943 was verified by a letter from W. C. Borchers, President, W. B. Clarke & Co.

Burgundy Rose
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Kingsville Nurseries in Newsl. Amer. Magnol. Soc. 4 (2): 2. 1967), nomen nudum. Probably = cv. Burgundy.

[M. sprengeri], cv. (Burncoose & South Down Nurseries catalog, p. 40, 1988, Gwennap, Redruth, Cornwall). ‘A deep glowing rose purple form of M. sprengeri diva raised at Burncoose by the head gardener, Mr. Arnold Dance. Flowering takes place in April-May and the colouration can be compared to that of M. ‘Lanarth’ although more reddish in tone.’

[M. acuminata], cv. (Newsl. Amer. Mag. Soc. 9(2): 12. 1973). ‘Oldest tree of the species in Urbana, Illinois, with very wide spreading branches and comparatively early, uniform, yellow fall leaf color. Self-incompatible flowers.’

[M. acuminata, M. denudata], cv. (Magnolia 24(2) [Issue 46]: 9, 1989). ‘Neatly shaped tree with deep yellow, truly precocious flowers. Ten to fourteen tepals, stamens red. Propagation and distribution by Klehm Nursery.’ (M. acuminata cv. Fertile Myrtle x M. denudata (K. Sawada) [cv. Sawada's Cream]).

[M. sargentiana, M. campbellii], cv. (Treseder's Nurseries catalog, p. 10, circa 1973, Truro, Cornwall, England). Similar to x cv. Hawk, Originated by Nigel Holman as M. sargentiana var. robusta x M. campbellii. Considered inferior to x cv. Hawk.

[M. denudata], cv. (Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.40: 199. 1915), nomen nudum = M. x soulangeana cv. Bylsiana.

[M. x soulangeana], cv. (van Houtte, CAT. 9163: 45. 1875, Ghent, Belgium), as M. (hybrida) bylsiana. nomen nudum. syn.: M. conspicua cv. Bylsiana (Lavallee, Arb. Segrez. 8. 1877), nomen nudum; as M. denudata cv. Bylsiana (Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.40: 199. 1915), nomen nudum. In Wister, Swarthmore Plant Notes 1: 57 (1943) and in Ed. 3, 1 (1): 88 (1955-56), nomen nudum. Named for the Byls brothers, nurserymen in Belgium.