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]M. dawsoniana], cv. (Burncoose & South Down Nurseries catalog, p. 40, 1988, Gwennap, Redruth, Cornwall). ‘Grafted plants from the original introduction to Caerhays in 1908. Large pale rose flowers.’

(white) clone [M. campbellii], cv. (Treseder's Nurseries Catalog, Circa 1973, p. 4, Truro, Cornwall, England), ‘A very large leaved form with many blossoms.
(F. C. C. 1951).’

Caerhays Belle
]M. sargentiana, M. sprengeri], cv. (Treseder's Nurseries Catalog p. 6, Circa 1965, Truro, Cornwall, England), ‘Produces very large heavily-textured, broad-petalled flowers of bright salmon pink in great profusion.’ First grown at Caerhays Castle, Cornwall, England. (M. sargentiana var. robusta x M. sprengeri cv. Diva).

Caerhays Clone
]M. Campbellii], Cv. (Treseder's Nurseries Catalog, p. 1, Circa 1965, Truro, Cornwall, England), ‘A good deep pink form of this fine magnolia,
(F. C. C. 1951).’

Caerhays Clone
]M. denudata], cv. (Treseder's Nurseries Catalog, Circa 1973, p. 5, Truro, Cornwall, England). ‘a good form of the species.’

Caerhays Clone
]M. obovata], cv. (Treseder's Nurseries Catalog, Circa 1973, p. 7, Truro, Cornwall, England). A selected clone.

Caehays Sunrise

Caerhays Surprise
]M. campbellii, M. liliiflora], cv. (F. J. Williams In J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 99: 364-365, 1974). ‘Produced at Caerhays Castle, Gorran, Cornwall, England about 1962 as a cross of M. liliiflora cv. nigra x M. campbellii subsp. mollicomata. ‘The award plant (A. M. 1973) ... (fig. 173) ...shows in its growth habit the characteristics of both its parents. It has been flowering here for at least four years.’

]M. grandiflora], cv. (J. C. McDaniel, Morris Arb. Bull. 17: 61-62, figs. 55-58. 1966), Tree narrowly columnar, leaves obovate-acute, lustrous green above, grayish-brown beneath, flowers bowl-shaped, tepals 9, white, acute, odor sweet, blooming May to July (some years to October), cones reddish in autumn, can withstand zero degrees Fahrenheit. Original tree at Cairo, Illinois,

]M. grandiflora], cv. (Bosse, Vollst. Handb. Blumeng., Ed. 2, 2: 465. 1841), Calyculate, bracts resemble calyx. In Bouche & Bouche, Blumenzucht 2: 716 (1855).

]M. campbellii], var. - The typical variety.

campbellii var. mollicomata

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Bosse, Vollst. Handb. Blumeng., Ed. 2, 2: 465. 1841), tepals canaliculate, channelled, longitudinally grooved. in Loudon, Encycl. Trees & Shrubs p. 23 (1842), as ‘canalicule’ from Leroy of Angers, France. in Baumann, cat. p. 26  (1842), cultivated in Bollwiller & Mulhouse, France.

]M. liliiflora], var. (Spach) Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.41: 139. (1916), flowers white, blooming with the leaves. Probably = M. denudata.

]M. x soulangeana], cv. (Saul, The Garden 44: 470. 1893), as M. candollei. Plant received from Louis Van Houtte, Ghent. Flowers purest white, large, petals broad, cupped, blooms 7-10 days later than others. Evidently raised from M. conspicua. Illustrated. Ihrig, Arb. Bull. Univ. Wash. 11 (2): 32 (1948), M. candolleana. Whitaker, Jour. Arnold Arb. 14: 377 (1933), N = 38. Wyman, Arnoldia 20: 27 (1960), ‘Differs little from other varieties.’

]M. acuminata], cv. (de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 80, 1824), as ‘Candolii.’ syn.: M. decandollei (Savi in Bibl. Ital. Milan. 16: 224. 1819); M. candollei (Link, Handb. Erkenn. Nutzb. 2: 375. 1831), flowers greenish.

Candy Cane
]M. x soulangeana, M. x veitchii(?)], cv. (Callaway, Dorothy J. The World of Magnolias, p. 213, 1994). ‘Flowers with 9 erect tepals in three whorls, each whorl having a distinct coloration. The outer whorl is also somewhat reduced. Outer tepals are rose at base fading to white at tip, with a rose stripe running from base to tip. Middle whorl of tepals has similar coloration, but slightly darker. The inner whorl is even deeper rose-purple at the base. Selected and named by John Allen Smith, Magnolia Nursery, Chunchula, Alabama, from Todd Gresham's hybrids at Gloster Arboretum, Gloster, Mississippi.’ (Parentage uncertain). Syn.: JG#28.

]M. virginiana], cv. (Knight ex Loudon, Encycl. Trees & Shrubs 26. 1842), ‘Imported from Belgium, where it was found by Mr. Knight of the Exotic Nursery, in the nursery of M. Cardon, after whom he has named it.’ Given as M. glauca cardonii.

[M. acuminata var. subcordata x M. denudata] cv. (Magnolia 38(2) [Issue 74]: 26-27, 2003) This hybrid produces fragrant, creamy yellow flowers of firm substance just before and together with emerging leaves, and have good resistance to Spring frosts; they remain upright until the end of their bloom period; sepaloids are 3-5.5cm (1.18-2.17in) long and 1.2-1.5cm (0.47-0.59in) long, are papery and greenish yellow; petaloids are 7-9cm (2.76-3.54in) long and about 3.5cm (1.38in) wide, are pale yellow (RHS 8D) within and greenish-yellow (RHS 1C) to yellow-green (RHS 145A) on the outside at the base to pale yellow (RHS 9D) at apex; the stamens have pale anthers and short, deep purple-red filaments; the gynoecium is greenish with pale styles; selected, named and registered (May 23, 2003) by Koen Camelbeke and Philippe de Spoelberch of Arboretum Wespelaar, Belgium.


[M. liliiflora 'Nigra' x M. campbellii ssp. mollicomata] cv. (Magnolia 40(1) [Issue 77]: 16, 2005) This free-flowering, precocious hybrid produces its large, deep purple (RHS 71A) flowers over a three to four week period; the nine oval tepals are up to 14cm (5.5in) long and 9cm (3.54in) wide; tips of mature tepals are a silvery cyclamen purple (RHS 74D) , inner tepals are light violet purple (RHS 80D); large stamens are reddish purple margined with a lighter salmon shade (RHS 27A); habit is upright and vase-shaped when young, becoming more rounded with age; estimated mature height is 7-8m (23-26ft); predicted hardy to USDA zone 8 (perhaps zone 7); originated at Duncan & Davies Nurseries of New Plymouth, Taranaki, New Zealand; selected and named by Vance Hooper, registered on September 12, 2004 by Jim Rumbal.

Cecil Nice
]M. denudata, M. sargentiana], cv. (Otto Eisenhut nursery catalog, p. 2, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). ‘A superb Hybrid of Denudata x Sargentiana Robusta.’

]M. grandiflora], cv. (Gresham, Morris Arb. Bull. 14: 25, figs. 16-18, 1963), Tree wide-spreading, blooming profusely over a long period. Leaves large, lustrous, indumentum moderate, flowers very large, to 15 in. (37.5 cm). in diameter.

]M. stellata], cv. Large flowers (to 5 1/4 inches diameter) mostly white, but sometimes showing pink from its parent cv. rosea, raised at Weston, Massachusetts by the Arnold Arboretum and named in its centennial year, 1972. Offered in 1975-1976 price list of Gossler Farms Nursery, Springfield, Oregon.

]M. coco], var. (Bentham) Millais, Magnolias, p. 560 1927). Basionym: M. championii (Bentham, Fl. Hong Kong. 8. 1861). syn.: M. pumila var. championii (Bentham) Finet & Gagnepain, Mem. Soc. Bot. France 1 (4): 36 (1906); M. liliifera var. championii (Bentham) Pampanini, Bull. R. Soc. Tosc. Ort. 41: 136 (1916).

]M. pumila], var. (Bentham) Finet & Gagnepain, Mem. Soc. Bot. France 1 (4): 36. 1906) = M. coco var. championii.

Chang Hua

Charles Coates
]M. sieboldii, M. tripetala], cv. (Hilliers Man. of Trees and Shrubs, 1973). A distinct and interesting hybrid making a large bush or small tree. Flowers fragrant, creamy-white with a conspicuous centre of reddish stamens, resembling those of M. tripetala, and produced with the leaves in May and June. Raised at Kew. = M. x cv. Charles Coates. (M. sieboldii x M. tripetala).

Charles Dickens
]M. grandiflora, (unknown)], cv. (Templeton, Morris Arb. Bull. 16: 8. 1965), Cones vivid red, lasting 6-8 weeks in autumn. type tree from Franklin County, Tennessee. 2N=76, A tetraploid, indicating this cultivar is a hybrid and only partly M. grandiflora.

Charles Raffill
]M. campbellii], cv. (The Crown Estate Commissioners, The Great Park, Windsor, Berkshire, England, in Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. 88: 494, figs. 173-174, 1963), Vigorous grower, reaching 40 ft. in 14 years, spreading 20 ft.; flowers rose bengal (RHS 25/2-25/1) to 9 in. across, tepals 12, slightly scented. Type at Windsor.

Charles Raffill
[M. x raffillii], cv. (Treseder’s Nurseries cat. p. 6, circa 1965, Truro, Cornwall, England) = M. campbellii  cv. Charles Raffill.

China Form
]M. denudata], cv. (Otto Eisenhut nursery catalog, p. 3, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). ‘White flowers, small purple base.’

]M. stellata], cv. (Otto Eisenhut Nursery catalog, p, 3, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). ‘(Japan) good pink, multi-tepaled.’ (Callaway, Dorothy J. The World of Magnolias, p. 159, 1994). ‘Flowers with over 40 tepals of a clear pink color. A seedling of ‘Rubra’ selected by Wada of Hakoneya Nurseries, Yokohama, Japan.’

]M. campbellii], cv. (Treseder’s Nurseries catalog, p. 1, circa 1965, Truro, Cornwall, England) As cv. Chyverton clone, ‘A good white-flowered seedling raised from the Caerhays mother tree.’

Chyverton Dark F[orm]
]M. sargentiana], cv. (Otto Eisenhut nursery catalog, p. 5, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). ‘Rose-purple flowers.’

Chyverton Pale F[orm]
]M. sargentiana], cv. (Otto Eisenhut nursery catalog, p. 5, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). Nomen nudum. Listed as variety of M. sargentiana var. robusta.

Chyverton Red
[M. dawsoniana], cv. (As Chyverton in Treseder’s Nurseries catalog , circa 1965, p. 2, Truro, Cornwall, England; Chyverton Red in same; circa 1973; p. 5). ‘An outstanding red form of this... species with crimson narrow-tepalled flowers fading to carmine pink as they mature. This is quite the reddest magnolia we have come across.’

]M. denudata, (unknown)], cv. (Loudon) Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.40: 199. (1915). Basionym: M. conspicua cv. citriodora (Loudon, Arb. Frut. Brit. 1: 279. 1838), ‘lemon-scented; a French hybrid, but little known, and without merit as a new variety.’

Claret Cup
]M. sprengeri], cv. (Lord Aberconway, National Trust, Bodnant, Tal-Y-Cafn, Colwyn Bay, Denbighshire, North Wales, in Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. 88: 494-495, fig. 172. 1963), flowers to 8 in., saucer-shaped, slightly scented, solferino purple (RHS 26/2-26/3), the inside fading to white, tepals 12-14, narrowly-obovate.

]M. campbellii], cv. (Gossler Farms Nursery, plant list, 1971, Springfield, Oregon) AS cv. Clarke clone, ‘grafted plants from the old W. B. Clarke Nursery in San Jose (California).’

]M. dawsoniana], cv. (Gossler Farms Nursery catalog, p. 14, 1988-89, Springfield, Oregon). ‘A consistent bloomer. Soft pink flowers are heavily produced on the tree. Flowers look like thousands of pink Cattleya orchids. From W. B. Clarke Nursery, San Jose [California].’

Clark's Var.
]M. dawsoniana], cv. (Otto Eisenhut nursery catalog, p. 2, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). ‘Large rich pink flowers.’ = M. dawsoniana cv. Clarke.

Claudia Wannamaker
]M. grandiflora], cv. (Magnolia 25(1) [Issue 47]: 19, 1989). ‘A selection with a broad, pyramidal habit and a long flowering season (May to September); Produces small flowers, 8-10 CM. in diameter, and small, heavily indumented (brown) leaves 10-18 CM. long by 5-8 CM. wide.’ Selected and introduced by J. Brailsford, Shady Grove Nursery, Orangeburg, South Carolina (Magnolia 23(2): 6, 1988).

]M. grandiflora], cv. (Magnolia 33(1) [Issue 63]: 27, 1998). ‘Plant Patent Applied For. This selection of the Southern Magnolia was selected from a field of seedlings at Cherry Lake Tree Farms in Groveland, Florida. It is a pyramidal/oblong shaped tree with a dominant central leader and develops scaffold branching with wide branch angles, eliminating embedded bark at older ages. Ultimate height is not yet known, but at 10 years from seed the original plant is 18–20 feet tall and 12 feet wide. The thick lustrous green leaves are 7–9 inches long and 3–4 inches wide with an elliptical-oblong shape. The new leaves have copper-brown (RHS 164A) pubescence on the undersurfaces, and, after fully expanding, the pubescence becomes burnished gold (RHS199A). The leaf margins are entire and wavy, acutely rounded at the apex. The plant flowers at an early age, and has flowers that seem more fragrant than typical. Flower size is from 10–12 inches in diameter with 10 petals. The receptacle, where the stamens were attached, is red-purple (RHS 61B). This is best visible just after the petals have faded. Fruit cones are plump, 4 inches tall. Beginning in late summer they turn wine-burgundy before the cones dehisce to present dark red seeds. This selection will be patented, and the name Miss Chloé(tm) is a trademark of Cherry Lake Tree Farms. Registered in December, 1997 by Alan Heinrich, Horticulturist, Cherry Lake Tree Farms, Groveland, Florida.’ = M. grandiflora cv. Miss Chloé

]M. x soulangeana], cv. (Gossler Farms Nursery, plant list, 1973, Springfield, Oregon), ‘very beautiful form similar to (hybrid cv). Royal Crown.’

]M. coco], var. - The typical variety.

]M. sieboldii], cv. (Magnolia 33(1) [Issue 63]: 28, 1998). ‘A polypoloid form of M. sieboldii created and selected by August Kehr, this selection is thought to be a hexaploid. It arose by doubling the chromosomes of seed from the cross of ‘Genesis’ (a tetraploid sieboldii) by a diploid sieboldii. It is tree number R15-3 in Dr. Kehr's planting. The flowers are large, often 5 to 6 inches in diameter with 10 to 17 heavy-textured tepals, and very fragrant. The tree flowers profusely. The leaves are up to a foot in length and 6 inches wide. The original tree is 8 to 10 feet high by 10 feet wide at 7 years of age. Distributed to Heritage Seedlings, Taylor Nursery, and Fairweather Gardens. Named and registered by August Kehr, Hendersonville, NC in June 1997.’

]M. denudata, M. x veitchii], cv. (Bond, John. The National Magnolia Collection. Rhod. with Cam. & Mag. 44: 34, 1992) ‘...a plant that was given to us by the United States National Arboretum some twelve years ago, the authorities there having decided it was not good enough to name. We think very differently and, with permission of the US National Arboretum, have named it ‘Columbus,’ a reference to the Atlantic crossing which this plant has made.’ (M. denudata x M. x veitchii)

]M. grandiflora], cv. (A. & E. Kay, Pl. World Fla. 32. 1933), Growth erect like a lombardy poplar: foliage and flowers medium-sized; flower-buds slender, pointed.

]M. stellata], cv. (Michigan State University, Magnolia Check List), nomen nudum. Cultivated on campus.

]M. obovata], var. (Siebold & Zuccarini, Abh. Math.-Phys. Kl. Akad. Wiss. Muenchen 4 (2): 187. 1845), leaves green both above and beneath.

]M. salicifolia], var. (Miquel) Franchet & Savatier, Enm. Pl. Japon. 1: 16. 1873). Basionym: talauma salicifolia f. concolor (Miquel, Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2: 258. 1866). Leaves green beneath. Per Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Is. 3: 223-224 (1933), habit more spreading, branches stouter, flowers larger, petals broader, to 1 in. wide, blooms later. introduced from Japan by James H. Veitch about 1892.

]M. grandiflora], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 15, 1984). ‘Said to have the largest flowers on record - 14 inches across.’ Registered by Inez B. Conger, Arcadia, Florida.

M. grandiflora], cv. (Borromeo, letter dated 6 June 1915, to Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.41: 78. 1916), tree a century old, 21 m. tall, cultivated on Isola Borromeo, Italy.

Conspicua Alba
]M. x soulangeana], cv. (Iufer Landscape Co., Nursery List, 1961, Salem, Oregon), nomen nudum. Probably = cv. Alba or M. denudata.

Copeland Court
[M. sprengeri], cv. (Treseder’s Nurseries Catalog, circa 1973, p. 11, Truro, Cornwall, England). ‘a compact and erect grower with startling vivid pink flowers.’

]M. grandiflora], cv. (Woodlanders, Inc., Nursery Catalog, p. 27, 1990-91, Aiken, South Carolina). Nomen nudum.

Coral Lake
]M. acuminata, M. denudata, (unknown)], cv. (Magnolia 33(1) [Issue 63]: 28, 1998). ‘Flowers of this selection are a blend of pinks shading in to vertical yellow stripes. The interiors of the flowers are lighter shades of these colors than the exterior. Typical blossoms have 11 tepals in two whorls and are seven inches in diameter when fully open. Tepals are 3–4 inches long, of good substance, and held upright. The plant is 11 feet tall at nine years of age and is semi-fastigiate in habit. Blooms late, but before the leaves expand. Hardy to at least –20°F. A seedling of M. ‘Legend’ x M. ‘Butterflies.’ An introduction of the David G. Leach Research Station of the Holden Arboretum, David G. Leach, hybridizer. Registered by Leach in May, 1997.’

]M. acuminata], var. (Michaux) Seringe, Flore des Jardins 3: 229. 1849), Als. in Sargent, Amer. Jour. Sci. III, 32: 473 (1886) = M. cordata. However, if one accepts this as a variety of this species, the correct name is M. acuminata var. subcordata. See Dandy, Amer. Jour. Bot. 51: 1056, footnote (1964).

]M. acuminata subsp. subcordata], var. - The typical variety.

Crimson Stipple
]M. x soulangeana, M. x veitchii], cv. (Gresham, Morris Arb. Bull. 13: 48. 1962), Vigorous grower, branches wide-spreading, tepals with crimson-red pin-points on white which forms a luminous pink glow. (M. x soulangeana cv. Lennei Alba x M. x veitchii).

]M. grandiflora], cv. (Loudon, Hort. Brit. 226. 1830), Leaves crisped, margin ‘curled’ or undulate.

]M. virginiana], cv. (Callaway, Dorothy J. The World of Magnolias, p. 79. 1994). ‘Exceptionally glossy upper surfaces of the leaves. Selected by J. C. McDaniel from Polk County, Tennessee, ca. 1976.’ (M. virginiana var. australis).

Crowley's Ridge
]M. acuminata], cv. (Magnolia 29(2) [Issue 56]: 22, 1994). `This cultivar was selected from the wild in Avert, Missouri (Stoddard County), on Crowley's Ridge by Richard B. Figlar. This plant conforms to the description of M. acuminata var. ozarkensis published by Hardin in 1954. It differs from typical M. acuminata in having broadly elliptic and subglossy leaves. Many leaves of `Crowley's Ridge’ are almost round with an abrupt pointed (rather than acuminate) leaf apex, with wavy margins. Flowers are smaller than typical and appear a glaucous blue in bud. This form grows faster and has a more pendulous branching habit than typical, and the secondary veins in the leaves are more prominent. Leaf backs are sparsely pubescent and light green, differing from the pubescent glaucous leaf undersurfaces in typical M. acuminata. The fruit of this cultivar is pictured in Plate 1 of Callaway's The World of Magnolias. Figlar reports that var. ozarkensis has largely been extirpated from the wild. Herbarium specimen (voucher # 1460) located at Clemson University. Registered in June 1994 by Richard Figlar, Pomona, New York.’

Crystal Bay
]M. grandiflora], cv. (Magnolia 29(2) [Issue 56]: 23, 1994). ‘This cultivar was selected by Richard B. Figlar, Pomona, New York, from a group of seedlings that originated at Monrovia Nursery, Azusa, California. It was initially selected because of its abundance of axillary branches. Ultimately the tree grows to a large spreading form with considerable branching. It differs from typical M. grandiflora in having bright white flowers with 12 tepals, and in having medium green leaves with little or no indumentum on the undersurfaces. It is not as hardy as some grandiflora clones, but should be hardy to zone 6B. Registered by Figlar in June, 1994.’

Cup Cake
]M. x soulangeana], cv. (Otto Eisenhut nursery catalog, p. 3, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). Nomen nudum. (Callaway, Dorothy J. The World of Magnolias, p. 214, 1994). ‘This Gresham hybrid has cream-colored flowers. The flowers are fragrant and reach 12 in. (30.5 cm) across. Named by Ken Durio of Louisiana Nursery, Opelousas, Louisiana.’ (M. x soulangeana cv. Lennei Alba x M. x veitchii).

Curly Head
]M. acuminata, M. x veitchii], cv. (Callaway, Dorothy J. The World of Magnolias, p. 225, 1994). ‘This is a tall upright tree with dense habit. Leaves have revolute edges, and flowers are described as pastel pink and yellow on white. Named by Savage in 1990, formerly published under the name ‘Editor Hopkins.'‘ (M. acuminata cv. Fertile Myrtle x M. x veitchii cv. Peter Veitch). See: cv. Editor Hopkins.

]M. precia], cv. (Rinz, catalog 1853, Frankfurt Am Main, Germany), ex Petzold & Kirchner, arb. Muscav. 117 (1864), per synonymy = M. x soulangeana cv. Cyathiformis.

]M. denudata], cv. (Pampanini, Bull. Soce Tosce Ort. 40: 199. 1915) = M. x soulangeana cv. Cyathiformis.

]M. x soulangeana], cv. (Rinz, Frankfurt Am Main, Germany, about 1850), Bouche & Bouche, Blumenzucht 2: 718 (1855) as M. Yulan cv. Cyathiformis, ‘beautiful, regular, cup-shaped, white flowers.’ from rinz, per koch, dendrologie 1: 376 (1869) and mouillefert, traite 119 (1891). Rehder in dailey, stand. Cycl. Hort. P. 1969 (19161, ‘cup shaped, light purple.’ Kruessmann, Handb. Laubg. 2: 104 (1961), ‘flowers cup-shaped, petals outside vivid purple, margined white.’

]M. X soulangeana], cv. (A plant is cultivated at the Arnold Arboretum in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts under this name. No description available.). May be a seedling of M. cylindrica.