G. H. Kern
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Pickard, Magnolia Gardens List, p. 9. 1970, Canterbury, Kent, England) = M. Stellatax cv. George Henry Kern.
[M. liliiflora, M. sprengeri], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 16, 1984). ‘An upright single stemmed plant of pyramidal habit. Flowers have 11-12 tepals arranged in whorls of 4. They are red-purple at the base, and open sufficiently late in the spring to avoid frost damage. Hardy to Zone 4A.’ Registered by F. S. Santamour, Jr., U.S. National Arboretum, Washington, D.C. (Hortscience 15(6): 832, 1980). (M. liliiflora cv. Nigra x M. sprengeri cv. Diva).
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Koch, Dendrologie 1: 368. 1869) = cv. Galissonniere.
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Mottet in Nicholson, Dict. Prat. Hort. Jard. 3: 232, T. 35, fig. 1. 1895) = cv. Galissonniere.
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Roland-Michel Baron de la Galissonniere, 1741). see A. D. in rev. Hort, III, 3: 392 (1849), Baron Galissonniere imported this magnolia between 1741 and 1749. See Andre Leroy Catalogue p. 65 (1856) Angers, France: this kind is the hardiest and stands the most severe winters of the north of France without suffering; it also forms the most-beautiful tree...the greatest part are pyramidal shaped.’
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Kelsey & Dayton, Stand. Pl. Names, Ed. 2, p. 376. 1942), per synonymy = cv. Galissonniere.
[M. grandiflora], cv. (van Houtte, Cat. #163: 45. 1875, Ghent, Belgium), nomen nudum. = cv. Galissonniere
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Otto Eisenhut nursery catalog, p. 1, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). ‘White large cup-shaped flowers; small tree.’
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (M. P. Borlase, Rhod. with Cam. & Mag. 41: 61. 1988). Nomen nudum. = M. x soulangeana cv. Pickard's Garnet.
[M. sieboldii], cv. (Magnolia 25(1) [Issue 47]: 19, 1989). ‘Tetraploid form of the species with pure white, typically sized flowers, and red stamens twice the normal size; seeds also twice normal size.’ Described but not named in Magnolia 20(2): 8, 1985. Registered by A. E. Kehr, 240 Tranquillity Place, Hendersonville, North Carolina 28739.
George Henry Kern
[M. stellata, (unknown)], cv. (Carl E. Kern, Wyoming Nurseries, Cincinnati, Ohio), U. S. Plant Patent #820, granted on 11 January 1949, per Amer. Nurseryman 89 (5): (1949), see Kammerer, Morton Arb. Bull. 27: 21 (1952). see Wyman, Arnoldia 20: 27 (1960), ‘with us, this does not have as large flowers as some of the other varieties.’ per conversation of Carl Kern, Sr. with J. C. McDaniel in 1961, was raised from seed of M. stellata, so is excluded from M. x soulangeana. = M. x cv. George Henry Kern.
[M. denudata], cv. (Magnolia 16(1) [Issue 29]: 24. 1980). ‘...we have an approximately 70-year-old heptapeta [here, denudata] tree in an Urbana [Illinois] cemetery which fits the ‘Japanese Clone’ in appearance and performance. This, which I call ‘Gere’ clone (from the name on the nearest tombstone), opens later than the ordinary M. x soulangeana trees in the same section of the cemetery.... This is the pollen parent of my ‘Pristine’ hybrid. J. C. McDaniel, Round Robin Letters’
[M. acuminata], cv. (Ellwanger & Barry, Descr, Catalogue 2: 4. 1855), as M. gigantea. ‘apparently a robust variety of acuminata.’
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Benary, Prix-Courant des Graines pour Marchands, p. 49. 1893, Erfurt, Germany), ex Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.41: 102 (1916). nomen nudum.
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Cels, Cat. Arb. p. 23. 1817, Paris, France), as a species. In Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.41: 102 (1916), leaves totally glabrous.
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Baumann, Cat. p. 26. 1842, Bollwiller & Mulhouse, France), nomen nudum.
[M. virginiana], var. (Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 535. 1753) = var. virginiana.
[M. virginiana], cv. (Landreth, Catalogue p. 35. 1831, Philadelphia, Penn.), as M. glauca f. glaucoides. ‘large upright growing.’
Glen Saint Mary
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Orr & Furuta, Highlights of Agricultural Research 10 (3), Fall 1963, Auburn, Alabama), nomen nudum, but illustrated by photos. = cv. Saint Mary.
[M. acuminata], cv. (Newsl. Amer. Mag. Soc. 9(2): 13. 1973). `Tree in Rantoul, Illinois, with columnar growth habit, that reflowers in July to September. Self-incompatible, but crosses with var. cordata and the Dunlap clone.’
[M. globosa], var. - The typical variety.
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Hort. ex Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.40: 217. 1915), in synonymy = cv. Globuliflora.
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Longone Nursery Cat. 75: 38. 1889, Milan, Italy), per Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.40: 217 (1915), flowers very brief, globose. syn.: M. globularis (Longone, Cat. 75: 70. 1889), per Pampanini, op. cit. 41: 187 (1916); M. x soulangeana cv. Globulifera (Pampanini, op. cit. 40: 217. 1915).
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Leroy, Catalogue p. 65. 1856, Angers, France), as a nomen nudum. in Berckmans, Cat. p. 39. 1860, Augusta, Georgia, ‘A new variety of the above (M. grandiflora) originated by Mr. Le Breton. It blooms at a very early age, plants of two years having frequently produced fine flowers. the flowers are of enormous size and have a double row of petals, it is a valuable acquisition.’
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Kelsey & Dayton, Stand. Pl. Names, Ed. 2, P. 376. 1942), per synonymy = cv. Gloriosa.
[M. x brooklynensis, M. acuminata, M. denudata], cv. (Magnolia 28(1) [Issue 53]: 15, 1992). ‘This hybrid was created by August Kehr, Hendersonville, North Carolina, in 1984.... The hybrid first bloomed 7 years later. The flowers are 9-10 inches in diameter, have 8-9 tepals of a deep yellow color (deeper than that of ‘Sundance’ or ‘Elizabeth'). The plant is upright in habit, blooms late in the flowering season. Zone 5(4).’ (M. x brooklynensis cv. Woodsman x M. cv. Sundance).
[M. acuminata, M. denudata, M. x soulangeana], cv. (Fairweather Gardens Nursery catalog, p. 62, Fall 1999). ‘Very heavily textured flowers of deep yellow which are unique because the flowers are cup shaped. Late blooming. Also unique is the distinctive, thick, wrinkled foliage due to its high chromosone number.’ =R18-27 (M. x soulangeana cv Lennei x M. cv Elizabeth).
[M. acuminata subsp. Subcordata, M. stellata], cv. (Gardiner, Jim, Magnolias: A Gardener’s Guide, p. 212, 2000). ‘…an upright-growing small to medium-sized tree. It takes on the habit of its seed parent, yet maintains the side branch network of an open-growing M. stellata. It grows quickly, 45-60 cm (1 ½ - 2 ft.) per year on young plants. The leaves are elliptic to ovate in shape, bronze red as they unfurl, turning green (paler beneath) as they mature. The creamy yellow starlike flowers opening to 10 cm (4 in.) wide appear in late March and early April before the foliage. They have 14 strap-shaped tepals, thus creating a yellow stellata. This clone was raised by Phil Savage of Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, and inevitably will be very hardy, including the flowers, which are frost tolerant.’
[M. acuminata, M. denudata], cv. (McCracken’s Nursery web catalog, 2000). ‘Small, medium yellow with green flushed base flowers that are cup shaped. Flowers approx. 3-4” wide, but produced in tremendous numbers. Nice foliage that matures to 7” wide and 7” long. Growth habit is rounded with medium growth rate. Mature height 20’+.’ (Magnolia 35(2) [Issue 68]: 15, 2000). ‘This spreading tree produces flowers of a very deep yellow. Flowers appear early May in Hendersonville, North Carolina. Tree is 14 feet (4.3m) tall at 12 years of age. Hardy in zones 5 to 7. Created by August Kehr and selected by him in 1988, registered in 1999.’ =R13-12 =M. acuminata var. subcordata cv Miss Honeybee x [M. acuminata x M. denudata] cv Sundance
[M. acuminata subsp. subcordata, M. acuminata, M. denudata], cv. (Magnolia 33(1) [Issue 63]: 29, 1998). ‘This selection has 4 1/2 inch flowers of RHS 8B yellow with six tepals and a faint green flush at the base of the exterior surface of the tepals. Very floriferous. Many axillary flower buds and multiple terminal buds are produced, which open over a long period of time, providing a colorful display for up to four weeks. The plant is semi-dwarf, 6 1/2 feet tall at nine years of age. Hardy to at least –22°F. An introduction of the David G. Leach Research Station of The Holden Arboretum, David G. Leach, hybridizer. Named and registered by Leach in April, 1997.’ =M. acuminata var. subcordata cv Miss Honeybee x (M. acuminata x M. denudata).
[M. x brooklynensis], cv. (Magnolia 27(1) [Issue 51]: 25, 1991). ‘This cultivar is similar to M. x brooklynensis ‘Woodsman,’ except the flower is almost solid light yellow in color with only a vestige of purple. The habit is semi-upright and the plant flowers midseason. Flowered at 6 years of age from seed. Bred by August Kehr (using M. acuminata as the seed parent) and registered by him in 1990. Dr. Kehr suggests Zones (5)6-8.’
[M. acuminata], cv. (Registered August, 1975 by Frank B. Galyon, M.D., 715 Walnut St., Knoxville, Tennessee), Clone discovered in 1957 in Great Smoky Mountains National Park (Sevier County, Tennessee), and first grafted that year by Ernest Iufer, Salem, Oregon, Tree typical M. acuminata, but flowers of golden yellow intermingled with green make it conspicuous. Clone of M. acuminata f. aurea.
[M. acuminata subsp. subcordata, M. acuminata, M. denudata], cv. (Magnolia 33(1) [Issue 63]: 29, 1998). ‘Flowers of this selection are strongly yellow (RHS 10C) and 6 1/2 inches across. They are made up of 6 tepals of heavy substance which keep their tulip form until they drop. The tree is a symmetrical pyramidal grower with heavy foliage, 12 1/2 feet tall at nine years of age. Hardy to at least –22°F. Blooms 10 days earlier than ‘Golden Sun.’ An introduction of the David G. Leach Research Station of the Holden Arboretum, David G. Leach, hybridizer. Named and registered by Leach, April, 1997.’ = M. acuminata var. subcordata cv Miss Honeybee x (M. acuminata x M. denudata).
[M. acuminata x M. stellata 'Norman Gould'] cv. (Magnolia 36(2) [Issue 70]: 16, 2001) This fast growing tree produces medium-yellow flowers that cascade downward; the six tepals are very wide and cup-shaped; this hybrid has poor seed and moderate pollen fertility; registered in July 2001 by Dennis Ledvina.
[M. acuminata, M. denudata], cv. (Magnolia 31(1) [Issue 59]: 17-18, 1996). ‘This hybrid has strong yellow flowers (RHS 10C) with six tepals and heavy substance. The flowers open flat, seven inches in diameter, with prominent green calyces. The tree is floriferous and vigorous, eight feet tall with dense foliage at eight years from seed. In northeastern Ohio, ‘Golden Sun’ blooms in mid-May before the leaves expand. This cultivar was registered by Dr. David G. Leach, Madison, Ohio, and is a result of his breeding program there. Dr. Leach reports that he used superior forms of both parents in this cross.’ = M. acuminata x M. denudata.
[M. acuminata subsp. subcordata, M. denudata], cv. (Magnolia 24(2) [Issue 46]: 8, 1989). ‘Very early light yellow flowers. Some leaves show with later flowers. Bloomed at four years from seed. Tall and graceful, single trunk habit.’ (M. acuminata var. subcordata [here, M. cordata] cv. Miss Honeybee x M. denudata cv. Sawada's Cream).
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Newsl. Amer. Mag. Soc. 15(2) [Issue 28]: 20. 1979). Nomen nudum.
[M. grandiflora], cv. (C. Smith, Caledonia Nursery, Isle of Guernsey. 1910), in Millais, Magnolias 140 (1927). leaves short, rounded, blunt at apex, light glossy green, smooth beneath; flowers very large and produced to November, See Gard. Chron. 148: 309 (1960).
[M. virginiana], cv. (James Gordon, about 1750-1760, grown by Thompson, Mile End Nursery, England), in Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 3: 203 (1820), as Gordon's Double Swamp Magnolia. In Loudon, Hort. Brit. 226 (1830), as M. glauca cv. Gordoniana. Flowers double. Compare cv. Burchelliana and cv. Flore Pleno.
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (C. McDade, Semmes Nurseries, Semmes, Alabama, 1945) in Kammerer, Morton Arb. Bull. 30: 20 (1955), and 35: 24, illustrated p. 26 (1960), ‘very large pink flowers’ (1955), and ‘introduced in 1945...hardy...with oval petalled flowers up to 9 in. across. white marked rose-pink at the base...outside.’
[M. denudata], var. (Salisbury) Henry in Elwes & Henry, Trees Great Brit. Irel. 6: 1598. 1912). basionym: M. gracilis (Salisbury, Parad. Lond. 1: T. 87, (1807) = M. liliiflora cv. Gracilis.
[M. denudata], f. (Salisbury) Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubh. 1: 3300 1905), basionym: M. gracilise salisbury, Parad. Lond. 1: T. 87. (1807) = M. liliiflora cv. Gracilis.
[M. liliiflora], cv. (Salisbury) Rehder in Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 1968. 1916). basionym: M. gracilis (Salisbury, Parad. Lond. T. 87 (1807), small shrub, branches slender, leaves narrow, flowers small, outside deep purple.
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (= M. liliiflora cv. Gracilis).
[M. grandiflora], var. - The typical variety.
[M. virginiana], cv. (Madlinger, Bull. W. C. Paul Arboretum 1. 1960, Memphis, Tennessee), ‘A large leaved form of magnolia glauca.’
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Capacci, of Florence, Italy, circa 1871), per Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.41: T. 8 opposite p. 60 and p. 102. 1916), branches persistent at base of trunk and often rooting, form columnar; leaves large, to 30 cm. long, 12 cm. wide, glabrescent.
[M. denudata], cv. (Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.40: 200. 1915) = M. x soulangeana cv. Grandis.
[M. precia], cv. (Rinz, Catalog 1860, Frankfurt am Main, Germany), ex Petzold & Kirchner, Arb. Muscav. 117 (1864), per synonymy = M. x soulangeana cv. Grandis.
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Bouche & Bouche, Blumenzucht 2: 719. 1855), flowers large, white, as M. yulan cv. Grandis. In Rinzi Gartenflora 5: 225, T. 166 (1856), flowers white, tepals 9, flushed red-purple along midrib beneath, especially towards the base. synonyms: M. grandis (Gard. Chron. N. S. 11: 725. 1879), nomen nudum. M. conspicua cv. Grandis (Mouillefert, Traite 119. 1891).
[M. virginiana], cv. (Callaway, Dorothy, J. The World of Magnolias, p. 77, 1994). ‘Leaves and flowers larger than typical. Introduced by Louisiana Nursery, Opelousas, Louisiana.’ (M. virginiana var. virginiana).
[M. acuminata var. subcordata 'Miss Honeybee' x M. 'Gold Crown'] cv. (Magnolia 38(2) [Issue 74]: 28, 2003) This upright, pyramidal hybrid produces yellow flowers just before or together with the first leaves; inner tepals are yellow (RHS 12C) on the outside with a greenish midrib; sometimes the outside is more completely yellow-green (RHS 145A-B); inner tepals deep yellow (RHS 11B) with the inner side an even yellow (RHS 11C) becoming paler toward the base; very young flower buds green (RHS 143B); stamens are pale, 1.2cm (0.47in) long; gynoecium is pale green and less than 2mm (0.08in) long; hybridized by Dr. August Kehr in 1991; raised, selected, and registered (August 14, 2002) by Philippe de Spoelberch and Koen Camelbeke of Arboretum Wespelaar.
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Magnolia 29(2) [Issue 56]: 23, 1994). ‘This robust, dense-growing magnolia has large glossy leaves and minimal pubescence on the backs of the leaves. Leaf drop is reported to be minimal and the growth rate moderate to fast when under irrigation. This selection was made by Westervelt Tree Company, Selma, Alabama in 1986, and registered by them in January of 1993. The plant appeared in their 1992-1993 catalog as Westervelt's No. 6 and first became available in their 1994 catalog. Hardiness of this cultivar has not yet been determined, but hardiness tests are being carried out. Westervelt plans to patent this cultivar.’
[(M. x brooklynensis 'Woodsman' x M. x soulangeana 'Lennei') x M. 'Elizabeth'] cv. (Magnolia 36(2) [Issue 70]: 16-17, 2001) This later blooming sister seedling of 'Banana Split' is a vigorous tree that produces floppy flowers comprised of 8 or 9 tepals just before the leaves; tepals reach 20cm (7.9in); outer tepals are spotted green on both sides with a white background; middle tepals are pale white cream and inner tepals are white with a purple stripe on the outside and white within; hybridized by Dr. August Kehr; raised, selected and registered (2001) by Philippe de Spoelberch of Arboretum Wespelaar, Belgium.
[M. stellata], cv. (Callaway, Dorothy J. The World of Magnolias, p. 159, 1994). ‘Flowers pure white without a hint of pink. When first opening, flowers have a thin line of yellowish green down the middle of some of the tepals. Found growing at the University of Tennessee campus in Knoxville, Tennessee, by Frank Galyon and named by him in 1962. Seldom seen in trade. Used by Dr. Galyon for breeding purposes.’
[M. grandiflora, M. virginiana (?)], cv. (J. C. McDaniel, 1965), From City Park, Griffin, Ga. Tree compact-spreading, leaves relatively small, acute, thick, lustrous; flowers large, tepals 12, borne on long peduncles over a long season; fruit red, seeds fertile; easily rooted from cuttings. Evidently introgressed by M. virginiana var. Australis. Introduced by Eugene E. Cline of Star Route, Canton, GeorgiA. (M. grandiflora x M. virginiana.)
[M. virginiana], var. (Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 536. 1753) = var. virginiana.