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Karl Flinck
[M. macrophylla, M. virginiana], cv. (Magnolia 24(2) [Issue 46]: 9, 1989). ‘Vigorous, hardy clone with flowers intermediate between parents. Inner tepals show purple blotch.’ (M. macrophylla x M. virginiana).

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Bedelian, Gard. Chron. III, 42: 390. 1907), leaves short to 17.5 cm. long, to 10.3 cm. wide. cultivated in the Nikita Botanic Garden near Yalta in The Crimea (Ukraine). Magnol. Soc. 4 (2): 1, 1967). nomen nudum.

[M. stellata], cv. (Makino, Bot. Mag. Tokyo 26: 82. 1912), cultivated in Japan. ‘shrubby; branches denser. flower smaller, deeper-coloured. (nom. JAP. Hime-Kobushi.).’ Rehder in Bailey, Stand. Cycl. Hort. 4: 1969 (1916), ‘densely flowered shrub: fls. smaller, purple outside. not yet intro.’ syn.: M. keiskei (Makino) Ihrig, Arb. Bull. Univ. Wash. 11 (2): 33 (1948), Compare cv. Rubra.

Kew Clone
[M. x kewensis], cv. (Treseder’s Nurseries Catalog, circa 1973, p. 8, Truro, Cornwall, England). ‘From the original tree at Kew. A. M. 1952.’

Kew No. 40
[M. campbellii], cv. (Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. 93: 237. 1968), vigorous tree, flowers large, pale purple. cultivated at Kew, England.

Kew No. W. 4
[M. campbellii], cv. (Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. 93: 237, fig. 118 in color 1968), flowers deep rose-pink outside, pale pink inside. plant cultivated at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Surrey, England.

Kew No. W. 5
[M. campbellii], cv. (Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. 93: 237. 1968), flowers bright (pink). Cultivated at Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Kew Pink Form
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Treseder’s Nurseries Catalog, circa 1973, p. 11, Truro, Cornwall, England). ‘This is superior to the form in general circulation...the tepals are broader and suffused with pink instead of mauve. Probably the original soulange-bodin clone of 1826.’

Kew's Surprise
[M. campbellii], cv. (F. Julian Williams, Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. 92: 235. 1967), flowers large, rich pink outside. See Treseder, Newsl. Amer. Magnol. Soc. 5 (1): 7 (1968), flowers very large, tepals 12, rosy-crimson outside, upper surface white with pink veins shading to deep pink at the margins. awarded F. C. C. 1967.

Kew's Surprise
[M. x raffillii], cv. (Treseder’s Nurseries Catalog P. 6, circa 1965, Truro, Cornwall, England) = M. campbellii  cv. Kew's Surprise.

[M. stellata], cv. (Gossler Farms Nursery catalog, p. 18, 1988-89, Springfield, Oregon). ‘Small 2 flowers of light pink. The flowers have 20-30 tepals and are borne in great numbers even on 2 year old plants. Plants came by way of Henderson Gardens, Fresno, CA.’

King Rose
[M. stellata], cv. (Gossler Farms Nursery catalog, p. 18, 1988-89, Springfield, Oregon). ‘A light pink multi-tepalled form of M. stellata. We got our original plant from New Zealand.’

King Rosea
[M. stellata], cv. (Otto Eisenhut nursery catalog, p, 3, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). ‘White flushed pink.’ = M. stellata cv. King Rose?

Kingsville Fastigiate
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Kingsville Nurseries in Newsl. Amer. Magnol. Soc. 4 (2): 1. 1967). nomem nudum. = cv. Praecox Fastigiata.

[M. acuminata], cv. (Newsl. Amer. Mag. Soc. 9(2): 13. 1973). `Fast-growing 30-year-old tree in Urbana [Illinois], of fairly typical habit and dark fall coloring. Highly self-compatible.’

Koban Dori
[M. acuminata], cv. (Otto Eisenhut Nursery Catalog, p. 1, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). `Golden Plate Bird [Nakamura].’ Nomen nudem.

[M. kobus], var. - The typical variety.

[M. salicifolia], cv. (Gossler Farms Nursery Catalog, p. 17, 1988-89, Springfield, Oregon). ‘Another larger flowered salicifolia similar to W. B. Clarke.’

[M. tripetala], cv. (Callaway, Dorothy J. The World of Magnolias, p. 81, 1994). ‘A vigorous pyramidal form offered by Louisiana Nursery, Opelousas, Louisiana.’

[M. sieboldii], cv. (D. Todd Gresham, Santa Cruz, California, 1961, listed). per Benjamin Blackburn, Willowwood Arboretum, Gladstone, New Jersey: ‘the established japanese name for the more or less double-flowered form.’

LA 16

La Gallissoniere
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Vilmorin, Le Bon Jard. 1860: 1244. 1860), nomen nudum, = cv. Galissonniere.

La Maillardiere
[M. grandiflora], cv. (A. D. in Rev. Hort. III, 3: 384-394. 1849), and Ann. Res. Soc. Nantaise Hort. 1849: 131-146 (1849), and also Le Bon Jardinier 1860: 1244 (1860). = cv. Maillardiere.

La Mayerdiere
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Le Bon Jardinier 1833: 734. 1833), nomen nudum. Probably = cv. Maillardiere.

[M. denudata], cv. (Wister, Swarthmore Plant Notes, Ed. 3, 1 (1): 83. 1955-56). ‘Original plant from France, now grown on Lacey estate in central Louisiana. Produces much larger flowers, sometimes to 8 in.’ See Savage, Newsl. Amer. Magnol. Soc. 2 (1): 2 (1965), flowers bone white with a pink spot and pink stripe on the outside base of the tepals. A wayward grower.

Lady Wakehurst
[M. wilsonii], cv. (D. Todd Gresham, Santa Cruz, California, 1961), nomen nudum. Name listed in reply to Dr. Fogg's questionnaire.

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Magnolia Nursery, Fall ‘90 - Spring ‘91). ‘Large, wavy leaves. Very easy to propagate. Extremely fast growing.’

[M. campbellii], cv. (M. P. Williams, Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. 72: 290. 1947), AS M. mollicomata cv. Lanarth. Received F. C. C. 1947. flower tepals 12, each 4 1/2 in. long, 2 1/2 in. wide, cyclamen purple (RHS 30/3, stamens (30/1). See Johnstone in Roy. Hort. Soc., Camellias & Magnolias, Conf. Report figs. 32, 36, P. 59 (1950). (cv. of ssp. mollicomata).

[M. dawsoniana], cv. (Treseder’s Nurseries Catalog, p. 2, circa 1965, Truro, Cornwall, England), ‘this was the first tree of this species to flower in Cornwall. The buds are lilac purple, but the flowers become rapidly paler as they develop, ultimately becoming white with lavender shadings.’ Received an A. M. as M. dawsoniana in Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. 64: 230 (1939). grown by M. P. Williams, Lanarth, St. Keverne, Cornwall, England.

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 251. 1789), leaves oblong-lanceolate, apex bent ('flexis'), flowers subcontracted. Sims, Bot. Mag. 45: T. 1952 (1817), ‘this generally known among the nurserymen by the name of Exmouth Magnolia.’ See M. grandiflora cv. Exmouth.

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Piccioli, Auct. Cat. PL. Hort. Bot. Mus. Florentini p. 5. 1824), ex Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.41: 103 (1916), in synonymy of cv. Lanceolata, which = cv. Exmouth.

[M. campbellii], cv. (Treseder’s Nurseries Catalog, circa 1973, P. 3, Truro, Cornwall, England). ‘A fine large-flowered form with deep purple pink cup-and-saucer flowers.’


[M. sprengeri], cv. (Magnolia 28(1) [Issue 53]: 15, 1992). ‘This seedling of M. sprengeri ‘Diva’ was registered by Peter Borlase, Head Gardener at Lanhydrock Gardens, Cornwall. It originated at Trewithen in 1969 and was introduced in 1989 by David Clulow, Surrey. ‘Lanhydrock’ has a deeper flower color than ‘Diva’ and flowered at 11 years from seed.’

Lanhydrock Clone
[M. acuminata], cv. (Treseder’s Nurseries Catalog, P. 1, circa 1965, Truro, Cornwall, England), `A very freeflowering form.’

[M. acuminata], cv. (Magnolia 27(1) [Issue 51]: 25, 1991). `This 16-ploid (304 chromosomes) has larger leaves than M. acuminata and thicker twigs than `Fertile Myrtle’ or `Patroit'.... Arose as a result of colchicine treatment of a germinating seedling of open-pollinated M. acuminata `Fertile Myrtle.’ Created and selected by August Kehr, Hendersonville, North Carolina. Registered by Kehr in 1990.’

Late Clone
[M. denudata], cv. (Callaway, Dorothy J. The World of Magnolias, p. 81, 1994). ‘Later flowering than typical. Listed by Louisiana Nursery, Opelousas, Louisiana.’

Late Pink
[M. campbellii], cv. (Eric Walther, Strybing Arboretum, San Francisco, Calif.). syn.: cv. Aequinoctialis and cv. Equinoctialis. See Mcclintock, Jour. Calif. Hort. Soc. 23: 34-35 (1962), photo flowers pink, much later blooming than other cultivars.

Late Soulangeana
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (C. D. Stephens, Semmes Nurseries, Semmes, Alabama, letter of 31 January 1962), similar in every way to cv. Lilliputian. Supposedly came from England.

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Loudon, Arb. Frut. Brit. 1: 262. 1838), nomen nudum. cultivated by Baumann, Cat. p. 26, 1842, Bollwiller & Mulhouse, France. Nicholson, The Garden 24: 512 (1883), nomen nudum.

[M. virginiana], cv. (Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 251. 1789), as M. glauca var. latifolia. Leaves deciduous. Probably = var. virginiana.

Laura Saylor
[M. denudata, M. sprengeri], cv. (Magnolia 28(1) [Issue 53]: 15, 1992). ‘This hybrid was created in 1976 by Phil Savage, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, using ‘Sawada's Pink’ as the seed parent. It is a tall, erect tree with a single leader, smooth pale gray bark, and brown, glabrous twigs. The leaves are similar to those of ‘Diva’ but are about one quarter smaller. The flowers are large and upright, have 9-12 tepals that are bright pink outside, white shaded with pink inside, and do not open below horizontal. Zones 4-7’ (M. denudata cv. Sawada's Pink x M. sprengeri cv. Diva)

[M. grandiflora], cv. (A. & E. Kay, Pl World Fla. 33. 1933), form pyramidal. growth dense; leaves small, 4-5 in long, laurel-like; flowers small, 5-6 in. across, produced in great abundance. Notes in Nehrling, My Garden in Fla., p. 104 (1944).

Leather Leaf
[M. x soulangeana, M. x veitchii], cv. (Gossler Farms Nursery Catalog, p. 15, 1988-89, Springfield, Oregon). ‘A very good description. This Magnolia hybridized by Todd Gresham has thick heavily textured leaves and white flowers.’ (M. x soulangeana cv. Lennei Alba x M. x veitchii).

[M. cylindrica, M. denudata(?), M. campbellii var. alba(?)], cv. (Magnolia 33(1) [Issue 63]: 29, 1998). ‘It is now believed that Magnolia ‘Leda’ is the same clone as previously registered under the name ‘White Lips.’ ‘White Lips’ was registered by Philippe de Spoelberg in 1995 and published on the cover of the Yearbook of the International Dendrology Society. This caused other clients of Esveld Nurseries to indicate that they had a similar plant (all purchased from Esveld as M. cylindrica). It now appears that the cultivar ‘Leda,’ not previously registered, has been widely distributed and is the same clone. In order to avoid further confusion, it is recommended that the name ‘White Lips’ be changed to ‘Leda’ and the name ‘Leda’ be registered. This clone was also distributed to Rutten Nurseries in Holland and Otto Eisenhut in Switzerland under the name ‘White Lips.’ ‘Leda’ is believed to be a hybrid between M. cylindrica and M. campbellii var. alba. It has 9-inch cup and saucer flowers, with growth and habit like that of campbellii. This name change was proposed, and the name ‘Leda’ registered, by Philippe de Spoelberch in February, 1997.’

[M. denudata, M. sprengeri], cv. (Magnolia 27(1) [Issue 51]: 26, 1991). ‘Flowers are 9 in diameter when fully open and have 8-11 tepals. The tepals are RHS 65A red-purple at the exterior base, shading to 65D at the tip; interior of the flower is white, giving a garden effect of soft, clear pink. The stamens are pink and ivory, the gynoecium is green. The original tree is 26 feet tall, blooming mid-to-late April in Ohio. Uninjured by –24°F. A hybrid produced by David G. Leach, North Madison, Ohio, and registered by him in 1991.’ (M. sprengeri cv. Diva x M. denudata)

[M. acuminata, M. denudata], cv. (Magnolia 33(1) [Issue 63]: 30, 1998). ‘Flowers are yellow (RHS 2D), deeper yellow at the base; flower exterior is RHS 6D. Flowers are 9 1/2 inches in diameter when fully open; very fertile. Blooms at the end of April in northern Ohio, before the leaves emerge. Stamens are ivory, red at the base, gynoecium is green. A shapely tree hardy to approximately –24°F. Registered in 1998 by Dr. David G. Leach, Madison, Ohio, and was introduced into cultivation a number of years prior to registration.’ = M. acuminata x M. denudata.

Lemon Star
[M. acuminata x M. kobus 'Norman Gould'] cv. (Magnolia 40(1) [Issue 77]: 22-23, 2005) This broad tree flowers for about one month and begins before the leaves emerge; flowers are nicely scented and have six petaloids and three sepaloids; sepaloids are 304cm (1.18-1.57in) long and 1cm (0.39in) wide at base and fall early; petaloids are obovate and 7-8cm (2.75-3.15in) long and 3.5-4.5cm (1.38-1.77in) wide; outer whorl is more greenish than inner whorl; colors range from (Scheele’s Green in Yellow-Green Group) (RHS 145B) when young to chartreuse-yellow (RHS 2D) when fully mature and open; stamens are yellowish brown with a small purplish spot on the abaxial side of the filaments; gynoecium is green with pale greenish-yellow styles; hardy to USDA zone 7-8; hybridized by Dr. August Kehr, raised, selected, named and registered (November 9, 2004) by Koen Camelbeke and Philippe de Spoelberch of Arboretum Wespelaar, Belgium. Name and description of this plant previously published by Camelbeke, K. 2004 Jaarboek Belgische Dendrologische Vereniging 2003:40-41.

[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Kelsey & Dayton, Stand. Pl. Names, Ed. 2, P. 377. 1942), PER SYNONYMY = cv. LENNEI.

[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Joseph Salvi, Vicenza, Italy). syn.: M. lenneana (Topf, Gartenflora 1: 86, 244. 1852); M. yulan cv. Lenne (Topf ex Koch, Hort. Dendr. 4. 1853); M. obovata cv. Lennei (Bouche & Bouche, Blumenzucht2: 718. 1855), from Salvi in Vicenza. M. lennei (van Houtte, Fl. Serres 16: 159, T. 1693-94. 1866). per Wister, Swarthmore Pl. Notes, Ed.. 3, 1 (1): 87 (1955-56), ‘Sold to Alfred Topf, Nursery, Erfurt (E. Prussia), for 10,000 francs. He named it for D. I. Lenni (1769-1866)...(flowers) purplish magenta. darkest of group but not as dark as (M). liliiflora (CV). Nigra.’ See Neil Treseder, Newsl. Amer. Magnol. Soc. 6 (2): 5-6 (1969), for a detailed history of this cultivar.

Lennei Alba
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Froebel, 1905, Zurich, Switzerland, introduced by Keessen, Cat. Terra Nova p. 77. 1931) per Boom, Meded. Inst. Vered. Tuinbouwg. Wageningen 157: 131 (1959), and Nederl. Dendr., Ed. 5, 168 (1965). Treseder, Newsl. Amer. Magnol. Soc. 6 (2): 5 (1969), ‘it bears large, white goblet-shaped flowers.’ Wister, Swarthmore Plant Notes, Ed. 3, 1 (1): 86 (1955-56), ‘(lennie (sic) x denudata) cup shaped, broadly thick petals, pure white. Habit rather spreading.’

Lennei Early
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (See cv. Early Lenne).

Lennei Hybrid
[M. x soulangeana], cv. Overlook Nurseries Catalog 1948-1949, P. 49, Crichton, Mobile, Alabama). ‘Hybrid of M. (CV) Lennei and (M). liliiflora, has 9 petals, the outside...dark purple and inside white, blooms later than the other (liliiflora) varities. growth bush type similar to liliiflora.’

Leonard Messel
[M. x loebneri], cv. (Messel, Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. 80: 484, fig. 104. 1955), tepals about 12, linear, to 3 in. long, outside colored cyclamen purple, inside nearly white. Grown at Nymans, Handcross, Sussex, England by Mrs. L. C. R. Messel, exhibitor. Tepal color close to red-purple group 73C, R. H. S. Colour Chart, per Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. 94: 522 (1969). Awarded an F. C. C.

Lesley Jane
[M. x loebneri], cv. (Magnolia 33(1) [Issue 63]: 30, 1998). ‘This seedling of ‘Leonard Messel’ was selected because of its superior growth and form. It is a small, single-stemmed, upright branched tree. Flowers are paler than ‘Leonard Messel,’ but have more tepals and are much less floppy. Before being fully expanded, the flowers maintain something of a cup and saucer shape for a while. When fully matured, the tips of the tepals tend to roll back in towards the center of the flower, giving the appearance of a decorative bow. Their tips are bluntly acuminate, or rounded. Tepal color is RHS red-purple 74C when they first emerge. As they mature, the backs of the tepals show a purplish black stripe which extends from the base to about 1/3 the total length of the tepal. The stripe starts at RHS red-purple 57C at the base, shading to RHS red-purple 62C at the tip. The edges of the backs of the tepals are white, as are the inner surfaces. When fully mature, the flowers become pure white. Stigmas are shaded to RHS red-purple 62C. The number of tepals varies from 14–17 with an average of 15. They are 1/2 to 1 inch wide, 2 1/4 to 2 3/4 inches long. Mature flowers are 3–4 inches in diameter. Flowers about the same time as ‘Leonard Messel.’ Original tree is 10 feet by 7 1/2 feet at 10 years of age. Selected by John D. Carlson, Griffithstown, Pontypool, Gwent, U.K. and registered by him in May 1997.’

Lilac Chalice
[M. liliiflora 'Nigra' x (M. x soulangeana 'Sweet Simplicity') cv. (Magnolia 40(1) [Issue 77]: 19, 2005) This multi-branched, small tree produces flowers with six tepals in two whorls of three; tepals are clear lilac-purple (RHS 72A) at base, fading slightly to light purple at apex; inside of tepals are creamy white (RHS 155A) suffused with light purple (RHS 72B) at base; tepals are 9cm (3.54in) long and (2.7in) wide; estimated height at maturity is 4m (13ft); predicted hardy to USDA zone 7 (possibly 6); originated at Duncan & Davies Nurseries of New Plymouth, Taranaki, New Zealand; selected and named by Vance Hooper, registered on September 12, 2004 by Jim Rumbal.

[M. x soulangeana], cv. (A. W. Massey in Amer. Magnol. Soc. Newsletter 9 (4): 6. 1974, as M. x ‘Lilene'). ‘A hybrid of M. liliiflora and M. x (CV) Lennei, synonomy undetermined. Compare with cv. Lennei Hybrid.


[M. denudata], var. (Desrousseaux) Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubh. 1: 330. (1905) = M. liliiflora.

[M. liliiflora], var. - The typical variety.

[M. x soulangeana], cv. (A misspelling for cv. Lilliputian).

[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Catalogs of Pickard, Magnolia Gardens, Canterbury, England). correspondence with Mr. A. Pickard indicates this to be the same as cv. Lennei Hybrid of American lists.

[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Semmes Nurseries Catalog 1946, Semmes, Alabama), A miniature soulangeana in growth habit and bloom. very fine for the small house where space is limited and a small flowering tree is needed. similar in every way to ‘late soulangeana’ which supposedly came from England. Sometimes misspelled ‘Liliputin.’ In Gossler Plant List, 1971, Springfield, Oregon: ‘miniature flowers white with pink.’


Little Gem
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Steed's Nursery, Candor, North Carolina, 1966). in note from Frederick G. Meyer to John M. Fogg, Jr., dated 10 June 1966. In an address by J. C. McDaniel before the Tennessee Nurserymen's Association of 4 October 1969. Selected in 1952 by Warren Steed as a seedling from local seed at Candor, North Carolina. Grown at U.S. National Arboretum since 1959 and distributed in 1974. Described as a strikingly compact evergreen tree, distinctly narrow and columnar in habit. The tree at approximately 16 years old was 14 feet in height and 4 feet maximum width, finer in texture than the species. the leaves are smaller than the species, elliptic to oval, 2 inches wide to 5 1/2 inches long, lustrous dark green above with a heavy rust-colored indumentum beneath. the leaf margins vary from flat to moderately wavy. The flowers are cup-shaped, creamy white, fragrant, tepals 3 to 4 inches long, similar in character to the species but slightly smaller; produced throughout the summer, more late in the season than earlier. the fruit is ovoid, cone-like, to 2 inches long, rusty-tomentose. Easily propagated in midwinter in greenhouse by rooting hormone-treated leafy hardwood cuttings. Flowers while still a young plant, often at no more than 18 inches tall. Fertile, but not reproducing true from seed, according to Warren Steed's experience.

[M. kobus], F. (Kache) Blackburn, Popular Gardening 5 (3): 73. 1954) = M. x loebneri.

 - The typical cultivar. [M. x loebneri], var.

loebneri 'Mag's Pirouette'

loebneri 'Spring Snow

loebneri 'Starburst'

loebneri 'Willowwood'


Lombardy Rose
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Clint McDade, Semmes Nurseries Catalog 1946, Semmes, Alabama), flowers large, lower surface of petals dark rose, upper surface white. a seedling of cv. Lennei but faster growing, freer blooming, continuing to bloom into mid-summer. Wister, Swarthmore Plant Notes, Ed. 3, 1 (1): 87 (1955-56).

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Le Bon Jardinier 1833: 734. 1833), nomen nudum. In Seringe, Fl. Jard. 3: 226 (1849), and Bouche & Bouche, Blumenzucht2: 716 (1855), AS A nomen nudum. May = cv. Undulata. in Leroy, Cat. p. 7 (1850), Angers, France; nomen nudum.

[M. virginiana], var. (Aiton, Hort. Kew. 2: 251. 1789), as M. glauca var. longifolia. leaves evergreen. syn.: M. longifolia (Aiton) Sweet, Hort. Brit. 11 (1826). Probably = var. australis. If this is the case, then var. longifolia has priority over var. australis.

Longifolia Undulata
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Loudon, Encycl. Trees & Shrubs 23. 1842), nomen nudum. Cultivated by Leroy of Angers, France. Probably = cv. Longifolia or cv. Undulata.

Lord Wakehurst
[M. wilsonii], cv. (Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney, Australia, 1961), nomen nudum. Name listed in reply to Dr. Fogg's questionnaire.

[M. campbellii, M. sargentiana(?), M. x soulangeana], cv. (Rhod. with Cam. & Mag. 44: 52, 1992) ‘(Lennei Alba x Mark Jury) the third sister, has an exquisite, large flower in pure cream with spatula shaped petals, resembling the lotus flower for which it is named. The tree is smaller growing and pyramid shaped. Despite these virtues, it is not as floriferous nor as precocious a bloomer as the other varieties.’

Louis Van Houtte
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. 33: 606. 1908).

Louis Van Houtte
[M. praecox], cv. (Pucci, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.32: 166. 1907), flowers large, rose-purple, remontant (reblooms later in summer). Compare M. praecox-van-Houtte in Rev. Hort. Belg. 1892: 238, ex Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.41: 141 (1916), in synonymy = M. liliiflora cv. Reflorescens.

[M. grandiflora], cv. (A. & E. Kay, Pl World Fla. 33. 1933), as Louisiana variety with growth luxuriant, round at the top, form subglobose, leaves large, obovate, strongly nerved, young leaves bronze-green, becoming glossy, dark green with a faint brownish tomentum beneath: flowers very large, may = cv. Ludoviciana

[M. acuminata], var. (Sargent, Bot. Gaz. 67: 232. 1919). syn.: Tulipastrum acuminatum  var. ludovicianum (Sargent) Ashe, per Little, U. S. D. A. Agric. Handb. 41: 231 (1953). twigs pubescent; leaves broadly ovate to obovate, pubescent beneath; flowers 7.5 cm. long. habitat: West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. = typical M. acuminata, per Hardin (1954).

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Nehrling, My Garden in Fla. 104. 1944), this name is possibly antedated by cv. Louisiana. In describing cv. Ludoviciana, Henry Nehrling states: ‘The original tree stands on the banks of the Mississippi, near New Orleans.’ It was eight feet high (before-1944), but planted out in 1897. = cv. Louisiana

[M. fraseri], F. (Lindley) Schelle in Beissner et al., Handb. Laubholzbenennung 100. 1903). basionym: M. pyramidata f. lutea (Lindley ex D. Dietrich, Fl. Univ. 2 (1): T. 68. 1838), nomen nudum, flower illustrated in color is pale yellow. Bosse, Vollst, Handb. Blumeng., Ed, 2, 2: 463 (1841). Illustrated also in Audubon, The Birds of America, as M. auriculata (with Kentucky Warbler), plate XXXVIII (1828).

[M. pyramidata], var. (Lindley ex D. Dietrich, Fl. Univ. 2 (1): T. 68. 1838). in Bosse, Vollst. Handb. Blumeng., Ed. 2, 2: 463 (1841). = M. fraseri forma.

[M. obovata], cv. (Magnolia 21(2) Issue 42]: 12, 1986-7). ‘Habit is a narrow, upright oval; flowers with pink flushing on the outside of the tepals. Blooms in June, with the leaves. Grown from seed sent from Japan by Dr. T. Rokujo.’ Registered by Polly Hill, Bernard's Inn Farm, RFD Box 538, Vineyard Haven, Massachusetts 02568.

[M. liliiflora], cv. (Gossler Farms Nursery Catalog, p. 6, 1980-81, Springfield, Oregon). ‘Similar to ‘O'Neill,’ but more ruffled look.’

Lyons F.
[M. liliiflora], cv. (Otto Eisenhut Nursery Catalog, p, 3, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). ‘Upright deep red-purple flowers.’ = M. liliiflora cv. Lyons?