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Pale Pink Seedling
[M. campbellii], cv. (Treseder’s Nurseries Catalog, circa 1973, p. 4, Truro, Cornwall, England). ‘probably a cross between the white and pink forms. Exceptionally large blush pink flowers.’

[M. macrophylla], cv. (Callaway, Dorothy J. The World of Magnolias, p. 84, 1994). ‘Flowers larger than the species. Introduced by Louisiana Nursery, Opelousas, Louisiana.’

[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Plant Buyers Guide, Ed. 5, p. 169, 1949), cited in error from the catalog of Stephen Hoyt's Sons Co., New Canaan, Connecticut, which listed Malus parkmanii instead of Magnolia. nomen illegitimum.

Parson's Clone
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Treseder’s Nurseries Catalog, circa 1973, p. 8, Truro, Cornwall, England). ‘A large flowered form with abnormally broad tepals.’

[M. australis], var. (Ashe) Ashe, Torreya 31: 39. 1931). basionym: M. virginiana var. parva (Ashe, Bull. Torrey Club 55: 464. 1928). May = M. virginiana var. pumila, per Ashe.

[M. virginiana], var. (Ashe, Bull. Torrey Club 55: 464. 1928), leaves 2-5 in. wide; flowers small, tepals 1 in. long, 1/2 in. wide. syn.: M. australis var. parva (Ashe) Ashe, Torreya 31: 39 (1931). May = var. pumila, per Ashe.

[M. maxima], cv. (van Houtte, Cat. #265: 112. 1896, Ghent, Belgium), erroneously cites a figure: The Garden of 8 December 1893, not found. Probably = M. acuminata cv. Maxima.

[M. parviflora], var. - The typical variety = M. sieboldii.

[M. sieboldii], cv. (Hess’ Nurseries, Wayne, New Jersey, circa 1963), in a letter dated 11 February 1963, nomen nudum. = var. sieboldii.

Parviflora Semi Plena
[M. sieboldii], cv. (Otto Eisenhut nursery catalog, p. 5, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). ‘Flowers white, semi-double.’ = M. sieboldii cv. Semi-plena.

[M. foetida], F. (Ashe, Torreya 31: 37. 1931), leaves small, oblong-ovate, 15-20 cm. long, complanate, habitat: Louisiana. Probably = M. grandiflora. Compare M. grandiflora cv. Floribunda.

Pastel Beauty
[M. acuminata x M. veitchii 'Peter Veitch'] cv. (Magnolia 35(2) [Issue 68]: 17, 2000) This spreading tree produces light pink flowers with yellow undertones late, after frost; original tree was about 6m(20ft) tall at 10 years of age; hardy to at least USDA zone 6; hybridized, grown, selected and registered (March 2000) by Dr. August Kehr.

[M. acuminata], cv. (Magnolia 27(1) [Issue 51]: 26, 1991). `This cultivar resulted from colchicine treatment of a germinating seedling from open-pollinated M. acuminata `Fertile Myrtle.’ `Patriot’ is believed to be an octoploid (152 chromosomes) based on morphological characteristics. The leaves are larger than the parent and the twigs are larger in diameter. Created and selected by August Kehr, Hendersonville, North Carolina, and registered by him in 1990.’


Paul Cook
[M. x soulangeana, M. sprengeri], cv. (Registered August, 1975 by Frank B. Galyon, M.D., 715 Walnut St., Knoxville, Tennessee), a hybrid of M. sprengeri cv. Diva x M. x soulangeana (pink Lennei seedling). First flowered about 1969. The fertile flowers, to 11 inches diameter, have 6, 7, 8 or 9 tepals, lavender-pink on exterior and white within, displayed on an upright, vigorous tree more robust than either of its parents, and maturing its annual growth earlier than M. sprengeri.

[M. acuminata, M. sprengeri], cv. (Magnolia 29(2) [Issue 56]: 25, 1994). ‘This cultivar, a sister seedling of ‘Barbara Nell', results from a cross made by Phil Savage, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, using ‘Fertile Myrtle’ as the seed parent. It was selected and registered by Richard B. Figlar, Pomona, New York. It is a fast-growing fastigiate tree (similar in habit to ‘Wada's Memory'), spreading somewhat with age. The leaves are intermediate between the two parents. The flowers are large, somewhat floppy, with a pleasant fragrance. The 9 tepals are about 5 in. long by 2 in. wide; the color is orange/red (RHS 35C to RHS 26C) on the outer surface and creamy white (RHS 20D) on the inner surface, giving the appearance of a mottled peach. Figlar reports that it blooms in his garden in early May, about the same time as M. fraseri. The original tree is 25 feet tall in 15 years with a trunk diameter of over 12 in. It is hardy to USDA zone 6 and probably into zone 5. Registered by Figlar in June, 1994.’ (M. acuminata cv. Fertile Myrtle x M. sprengeri cv. Diva).

[M. x soulangeana], cv. (J. A. Buzard, Bellevue, Washington 1954). in Arb. Bull. Univ. Wash. 22: 127 (1959), obtained from a California nursery; no information is available as yet on this clone.

[M. cylindrica, M. denudata(?)], cv. (Magnolias and their allies, p. 18, 1998). ‘A large shrub or multi-stemmed tree of vase-shaped habit at first, later more spreading with arching then horizontal branches developing a crown as broad as high, 3-5 m (10-15 ft). Leaves elliptic, up to 15 x 7.5 cm, thicker in texture than those of the holotype of M. cylindrica and in shape closer to those of M. denudata and the new Shanghai form…. Flowers opening in early spring before the leaves, approximately 10 cm (4 in) long, similar in shape and poise to those of M. denudata but more slender and elongate, comprising 9 tepals, the 3 outer small and transparent, the 6 inner white suffused purplish pink outside towards the base. Fruits oblong, red, drooping.’ = M. cylindrica x M. denudata (?).


Peppermint Stick
[M. liliiflora, M. x veitchii], cv. (Gresham, Morris Arb. Bull. 13: 48. 1962), flowers white, base-violet, midribs of tepals striped, inner tepals upright. Outer tepals reflexed. (M. liliiflora x M. x veitchii).

Peter Borlase
[M. campbellii], cv. (Magnolia 28(1) [Issue 53]: 16, 1992). ‘This seedling originated at Lanhydrock Gardens, Cornwall, in 1967 and flowered in 1985, at which time it was selected by Peter Borlase, Head Gardener at Lanhydrock. It was introduced into commercial trade in 1989 by David Clulow, Surrey. It has an unusual deep rose colored flower that is smaller than the seed parent. Open-pollinated; pollen parent unknown.’

Peter Dummer
[M. campbellii 'Darjeeling' x M. 'Pegasus'] cv. (Magnolia 40(1) [Issue 77]: 26, 2005) Flowers are tulip-shaped, fragrant (slightly medicinal scent), to 10cm (4in) long by 8cm (3in) wide, composed of 9-12 broadly spatulate to oblong-ovate tepals to 8-10cm (3-4in) long and 3.5-5.5cm (1.4-2.0in) wide; inner surface of tepals creamy white (RHS 159D), outer surface overlaid with deep reddish-pink (RHS 61B-C) at the base to paler pink (RHS 65A) at the apex, but with a darker midrib; overall impression of flower color is dark pink (RHS 63B); inner whorl of 3-4 tepals clawed at base; outer whorl not clawed; stamens numerous, 20mm (0.8in) long by 2mm (0.08in) wide; filaments and anther connectives dark reddish-purple (RHS 63A); gynoecium 3cm long, styles dark reddish-pink (RHS 63A); pedicel 1.0-1.2cm long, green with villous pubescence; perules two, greenish-brown with yellowish villous pubescence; leaves finely pubescent on midrib and secondary veins only; leaf blade elliptic to obovate, 22cm (8.6in) long by 9cm (3.5in) wide; petiole to 4cm (1.5in); selected and named in 2003 by Jim Gardiner of RHS Wisley from seedlings raised by Peter Dummer.

Peter Smithers
[M. x soulangeana, M. x veitchii], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18, 1984). ‘A Gresham hybrid with large leaves and wide open flowers to 10 inches across; 9 broad tepals. Reddish stamens and gynoecium.’ Registered by Ken Durio, Opelousas, Louisiana. (M. x veitchii x M. x soulangeana cv. Rustica Rubra).

Peter Veitch
[M. x veitchii], cv. - typical M. x veitchii

Petit Chicon
[M. acuminata x M. denudata] cv. (Magnolia 40(1) [Issue 77]: 23-24, 2005) Flowers of this hybrid are 9-11cm (3.54-4.33in) long with three sepaloids and six petaloids; sap-green (RHS 150C) triangular, acute sepaloids fall early and are 5cm (1.97in) long and 1.1-1.6cm (0.43-0.63in) wide; petaloids of outer whorl are spatulate, 8-10cm (3.15-3.94in) long and 4.8-6.2cm (1.89-2.44in) wide, canary-yellow (RHS 9D), basally and appear Naples yellow (RHS 11B) or (RHS 144C) when young; stamens many, 1.5-1.8cm (0.59-0.71in) long and pale yellow except at abaxial side of the filaments which is purplish-pink; gynoecium green and stigmas pale yellow; hardy in USDA zone 7-8; presumed to originally have been hybridized by Phil Savage; raised by Karl Flinck, Bjuv, Sweden bearing his accession number 1636; selected from Flinck garden by and subsequently named and registered (November 9, 2004) by Koen Camelbeke and Philippe de Spoelberch of Arboretum Wespelaar, Belgium. Name and description of this plant previously published by Camelbeke, K. 2004 Jaarboek Belgische Dendrologische Vereniging 2003:41.

Phelan Bright
[M. x soulangeana, M. x veitchii (?)], cv. (Callaway, Dorothy J. The World of Magnolias, p. 224, 1994). ‘Gresham hybrid of unknown origin. Fragrant flowers 12-14 in. (30.5-35.6 cm) across and clear white with 12 tepals. The flower shape is similar to the cup-and-saucer shape of Magnolia campbellii flowers. The tree is upright and spreading with a single trunk and blooms later than most Gresham hybrids.... Selected by Tina Durio, Louisiana Nursery, Opelousas, Louisiana, and introduced in 1992. Named in honor of the secretary of the Magnolia Society.’

Philip Tregunna
[M. campbellii, M. sargentiana], cv. (Magnolia 33(1) [Issue 63]: 31, 1998). ‘This hybrid is a very vigorous plant with large leaves similar to those of campbellii. Flowers are reddish purple outside and pale pink inside. The original tree is 50 feet tall and 50 feet wide at 38 years from seed. Selected in 1991 and under propagation at Burncoose and Southdown Nursery, this cultivar was selected by F.J. Williams, Esq. at Caerhays Castle. Registered by Philip Tregunna in July 1997.’ = M. sargentiana cv Robusta x M. campbellii [pink form].

[M. acuminata], cv. (J. C. McDaniel, 1964, Urbana, Illinois), Original tree on John F. Keeler Farm, Philo, Champaign Co., Illinois. This is described as exceptional in being highly self-compatible and producing a large crop of viable seeds. Autumn foliage yellow. Flowers typical, suggested for grafting as a seed source and pollinator. It has been grafted onto M. hypoleuca by Princeton Nurseries of Princeton, New Jersey. Registered on 12 Dec. 1969.

Phil's Masterpiece
[M. acuminata x M. campbellii] cv. (Magnolia 36(2) [Issue 70]: 19, 2001) The flowers of this hybrid are 20.3-25.4cm (8-10in) across with a nice cup-and-saucer form; the exterior of the flowers is deep rose pink and the interior is a lighter pink; the tree bloomed after withstanding -29C (-20F); this hybrid has moderate seed and excellent pollen fertility; hybridized by Phil Savage and registered in July 2001 by Dennis Ledvina.

Pickard's Brozzonii
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Pickard, Magnolia Gardens, Price List, Autumn 1966, Canterbury, England), large pink to white ... new.’ = cv. Brozzonii.

Pickard's Charm*
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18, 1984). ‘Medium-sized tulip-shaped flower, fragrant. A good full pink. A tidy, upright tree with small leaves.’

Pickard's Coral*
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18, 1984). ‘Flowers tulip-shaped, fragrant white spotted pink, giving a pink effect.’

Pickard's Cornelian*
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18, 1984). ‘Flowers goblet-shaped, dark wine red-purple.’

Pickard's Crystal*
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18, 1984). ‘Flowers goblet-shaped, ivory white, basal portion with a purplish-pink flush.’

Pickard's Firefly*
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18, 1984). ‘Flowers goblet-shaped, fragrant, deep wine purple-red. ‘Picture'-type leaf but more elongated and pointed.’

Pickard's Garnet *
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18, 1984). ‘Flowers goblet-shaped, fragrant, occasionally with twin pistil and extra tepals, and then boat-shaped; darker than ‘Lennei.'‘

Pickard's Glow*
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18, 1984). ‘Flowers wine-red, fading to white, fragrant, occasionally with twin pistils and extra tepals.’

Pickard's Maime*
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18, 1984). ‘Large goblet-shaped flowers, like ‘Picture,’ but with broader tepals and slightly deeper color, fragrant.’

Pickard's Opal *
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18, 1984). ‘Flowers goblet-shaped, white, slight basal purple-pink veining.’

Pickard's Pearl*
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18, 1984). ‘Flowers goblet-shaped, fragrant, white, flushed with rose.’

Pickard's Pink Diamond*
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18, 1984). ‘Flowers broad-tepaled, tulip-shaped; pastel pink on white, fragrant; leaf rough.’

Pickard's Rose Superb
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Pickard, Magnolia Gardens, Price List Autumn 1966, Canterbury, England), ‘deep’

Pickard's Ruby *
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18, 1984). ‘Flowers goblet-shaped, fragrant, deep full, wine or purple-red in U.K. (in Switzerland, a deeper color.)’

Pickard's Schmetterling*
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18, 1984). ‘An unusual elongated, narrow-tepaled, wine-red flower, fragrant; leaf rough.’

Pickard's Snow Queen*
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18, 1984). ‘Flowers are larger and bolder than ‘Lennei Alba,’ pure white with no vinous color.’

Pickard's Stardust
[M. kobus, (unknown)], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18, 1984). ‘Flower white, narrow with upright tepals; small and very fragrant. Long kobus-type leaf - brittle and bronzed.’

Pickard's Sundew

[M. denudata], cv. (Wada, Hakoneya Nurseries, Yokohama, Japan). question no. 1, Newsl. Amer. Magnol. Soc. 3 (1): 8 (1966), nomen nudum. Per Grootendorst, Dendroflora 4: 67 (1967) = M. x soulangeana cv. Picture.

[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Wada, Jap. Gard. Treas. p. 36, circa 1925, Hakoneya Nurseries, Numazu-Shi, Japan), as M. conspicua cv. Picture: ‘possibly a hybrid with (M). soulangeana (cv). Nigra ... flowers darkest or even darker black purple on the exterior...white on the interior...of the thickest texture...substance and of the largest size...’ see Dendroflora 4: 67 (1967).

[M. x veitchii], cv. (Wada, Jap. Gard. Treas.p. 36, circa 1925, Hakoneya Nurseries, Numazu-Shi, Japan), as M. conspicua cv. Picture. = M. x soulangeana cv. Picture.

[M. macrophylla], var. (Parmentier, Bull. Sci. France & Belg. 27: 254. 1896), nomen nudum. But on p. 196, described with leaves ovate, to 32 cm. long, 10 cm. wide, densely pubescent beneath. as ‘Pilossima’ in index on p. 336.

[M. stellata], cv. (Kelsey & Dayton, Stand. Pl. Names, Ed. 2, P. 377. 1942), per synonymy = cv. Rosea. In Armstrong Nurseries, Cat. p. 44 (1948), Ontario, California, with flowers opening rosy-pink, fading to a lighter, more delicate shade. cv. Rosea.

Pink Alba
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Hess’ Nurseries, Wayne, New Jersey), listed in a letter dated 11 February 1963. nomen nudum, to John M. Fogg, Jr. Probably = cv. Pink Alba Superba.

Pink Alba Superba
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Wister, Swarthmore Plant Notes, Ed. 3, 1 (1): 87. 1955-56), ‘like Alba Superba but deep pink.’ The Semmes Nurseries Catalog, 1958, Semmes, Alabama. per Domoto, Jour. Calif. Hort. Soc. 23: 47 (1962), its identical in habit and growth to M. x soulangeana cv. Alba Superba, but it has deep pink flowers.’

Pink Cameo
[M. 'Helen Fogg' x M. 'Northstar'] cv. (Magnolia 36(2) [Issue 70]: 19, 2001) The persistently upright flowers of this hybrid have 12 tepals with inwardly cupping tips; tepals are bright pink outside and a lighter pink inside; this hybrid has fair seed and excellent pollen fertility; registered in July 2001 by Dennis Ledvina.

Pink Delight
[(M. x soulangeana 'Alexandrina') x M. 'Galaxy'] cv. (Magnolia 36(2) [Issue 70]: 19, 2001) This hybrid produces extremely fragrant flowers of a good, solid pink and is extremely seed and pollen fertile; registered in July 2001 by Dennis Ledvina.

Pink Flush
[M. obovata], cv. (Otto Eisenhut nursery catalog, p. 3, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). ‘Outside of tepals slight pink flush.’

Pink Form
[M. obovata], cv. (Gardiner, J. M. Magnolias, p. 133, 1989). Nomen nudum. AM (Windsor, 1971).

Pink Goblet
[M. x soulangeana, M. x veitchii(?)], cv. (Otto Eisenhut nursery catalog, p. 2, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). ‘G66-12.’ Nomen nudum.

Pink Halo
[M. virginiana], cv. (Magnolia 33(1) [Issue 63]: 31, 1998). ‘An open-pollinated seedling from a disjunct population of this species in Gloucester, Massachusetts, ‘Pink Halo’ is similar to the typical var. virginiana, but the flowers have a pale pink-colored ring at the bottom of the tepals. This is best seen on the inside of the tepals. Selected and named by Richard B. Figlar, Pomona, New York, and registered by him in March, 1997.’ M. virginiana var. virginiana.

Pink Nightie
[M. fraseri, M. obovata], cv. (Magnolia 28(1) [Issue 53]: 16, 1992). ‘This hybrid was created by Phil Savage, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan in 1979 using M. hypoleuca as the seed parent. The hybrid first bloomed in 1987. It is a straight, symmetrical tree with shiny red-brown twigs. The leaves are similar to those of M. fraseri, but are smaller. The flowers are tall and vase-shaped with pale pink tepals of a satiny texture; the fragrance is strong and very pleasant in early evening. Phil suggests that this hybrid does not like dry condition, and is hardy in Zones 4-8.’ (M. hypoleuca x M. fraseri)

Pink Perfection
[M. x loebneri 'Encore', self-pollinated] cv. (Magnolia 35(2) [Issue 68]: 17, 2000) This slow growing, bushy, floriferous tree produces lilac-pink flowers with more pink coloration in cooler weather; flowers have 42-48 tepals; hardy in USDA zones 5-7; hybridized, raised, selected (1987) and registered (1999) by Dr. August Kehr; previously identified as #R14-29 in Dr. Kehr's collection.

Pink Powder Puff
[M. stellata], cv. listed without description in 1974-1975 wholesale price list of Tom Dodd Nurseries, Semmes, Alabama.

Pink Stardust
[M. stellata], cv. (Callaway, Dorothy J. The World of Magnolias, p. 160, 1994). ‘Flowers light pink with 40-50 tepals. Offered by Louisiana Nursery, Opelousas, Louisiana.’

Pink Superba
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Marsh Nursery, Pasadena, California, circa 1961), per Univ. of California at Los Angeles Botanic Garden, 1961. in Sunset Western Garden Book, Ed. 3, p, 334, 1967, flowers large, deep pink, white inside, early, Probably = cv. Pink Alba Superba.

Pink Surprise
[M. acuminata, M. x soulangeana, M. liliiflora, M. sprengeri], cv. (Magnolia 30(1) [Issue 57]: 30, 1995). ‘This hybrid of M. ‘Spectrum’ and M. acuminata x M. ‘Picture’ has tiny flower buds which have never been hurt.’

Pink Surprise
[(M. liliiflora x M. sprengeri 'Diva') x (M. acuminata x M. 'Picture')] cv. (Magnolia 36(2) [Issue 70]: 20, 2001) This hybrid produces large, wide-tepaled bright pink flowers; many secondary buds prolong the bloom period for up to a month; the tree bloomed after withstanding -32C (-26F); this hybrid has fair seed and excellent pollen fertility; registered in July 2001 by Dennis Ledvina.

Pink Tipped Form
[M. sieboldii], cv. (Magnolia 35(2) [Issue 68]: 9, 2000). ‘…a plant growing in a habitat some distance from Chollipo Arboretum. The pink tipped tepal character is said to come true from seed.’

[M. liliiflora, M. stellata], cv. (Dudley & Kosar, Morris Arb. Bull. 19: 27. 1966), late blooming, flowers large, 5-7 in. in diameter, buds stout, red-purple (RHS 70A-70D), tepals 9-12, obovate-spatulate, red-purple (RHS 71A-74C), inside white (RHS 155D), stamens 50-60, reddish-purple (71B). A sterile triploid. U.S. Natl. Arb. #28351. (M. liliiflora cv. Reflorescens x M. Stellata cv. Rosea).

[M. grandiflora], cv. (William Curtis, Wil-Chris Nurseries, Sherwood, Oregon, before 1967). cultivated at U. S. Natl. Arboretum #30265. Original tree in Oregon City, Oregon. Described by introducer as hardy, but with leaves not so dark as those of cv. Victoria.

Porcelain Dove
[M. globosa, M. virginiana var. australis], cv. (Callaway, Dorothy J. The World of Magnolias, p. 225, 1994). ‘This hybrid was created by the late D. Todd Gresham in 1965 at his home, Hill of Doves, in Santa Cruz, California. ... ‘Procelain Dove’ was selected and named by Tom and Bill Dodd from hybrids Gresham shipped to their nursery in Semmes, Alabama. The leaves are much like those of M. virginiana and are semievergreen (Gresham must have used M. virginiana var. australis in his cross, although he did not list it as such). The flowers also resemble those of M. virginiana but are larger and quite fragrant. This hybrid received its name for its porcelain-white flower color and in honor of Todd Gresham's home, Hill of Doves. Named in 1986.’ (M. globosa x M. virginiana).

Powder Puff
[M. x loebneri], cv. (Magnolia 27(1) [Issue 51]: 26, 1991). ‘This cultivar was selected from open-pollinated ‘Ballerina’ seedlings. The flowers are similar to those of M. kobus var. loeberni, but the tepals tend to stand erect rather than lying flat. The flowers are white with 18-25 tepals. Selected by August Kehr, Hendersonville, North Carolina, in 1987 and registered by him in 1990. Dr. Kehr suggests that this cultivar is suitable for well-drained soils in Zones 6-8. Original tree...first flowered at 4 years from seed.’

[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Otto Eisenhut Nursery Catalog, p, 3, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). ‘Red-purple striped effect.’

[M. praecocissima], var. - the typical variety = M. kobus.

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Cels, Cat. Arb. p. 23. 1817, Paris, France), as a sp. in bloom from May to late Autumn. Loudon, Hort. Brit. 226 in Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.41: 105 (1916), precocious, (1830) and Loudon, Encycl. Trees & Shrubs 23 (1842), ‘leaves oval-oblong. Flowers fully expanded. This is an early variety, introduced from Paris about 1830. The flowers...are produced from the end of May till the approach of Winter.’

Praecox du Grand Jardin
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Nurseries, San Francisco Bay region, 1907), per Riedel, 1957. A. & E. Kay, Pl World Fla. 33 (1933), very dense, upright form. Leaves large, strongly nerved, undulated, oblong-ovate, 15-19 in. long, 4-6 in. wide, yellowish-brown beneath; flowers very large and deliciously fragrant.

Praecox du Mans
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Nurseries, San Franciso Bay region, California circa 1907), per Riedel, Pl. Extra-trop. Reg. 383, 384 (1957), nomen nudum. cultivated in 1961 by D. Todd Gresham, Santa Cruz, California and the University of California at Los Angeles.

Praecox Fastigiata
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Henry J. Hohman, Kingsville Nurseries, Kingsville, Maryland, circa 1961), listed in a letter to Dr. John M. Fogg, Jr., dated 14 October 1961, as still flowering. Some years it blooms into late November, protected by his house. introducer raised it as a seedling of cv. Praecox.

Praecox Pyramidata
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Nehrling, My Garden in Fla. 104. 1944), growth upright, pyramidal; foliage similar to that of the former (cv. Praecox Du Grand Jardin) only a little smaller and of still lighter green. Flowers very large.

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Sprenger, Boll. R. Ort. Bot. Palerm. 1: 66, 1897), Cultivated by Pravert of Padova, Italy from Seed in 1886. form pyramidal, leaves sub-auriculate, flower-tepals 9, white, fragrant, fruit carmine-red. In Pampanini, Bull. Soc. Tosc. Ort.41: 187 (1916), precocious flowering habit, small tree, branches numerous, erect; leaves thick, ovate, flowers rather small.

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Nehrling, My Garden in Fla. 1040 1944), from Italy. Probably = cv. Pravertiana.

Precoce des Nantes
[M. grandiflora], cv. (Besant, Gard. Chron. 66: 365, Fig. 165. 1929), nomen nudum. Cultivated at Glasnevin, Dublin, Ireland. syn.: M. parviflora cv. Precoce Des Nantes, fig, 165 caption on p. 363, in error, possibly this = cv. Nannetensis.

Precoce des Nantes
[M. parviflora], cv. (Gard. Chron. 86: 363, fig. 165. 1929), Fig. 165 caption in error. = M. grandiflora cv. Precoce des Nantes. This possibly = M. grandiflora cv. Nannetensis.

Pride of Norway
[M. sieboldii] cv. (Magnolia 36(2) [Issue 70]: 20, 2001) This tetraploid selection produces white flowers about 12.8cm (5in) across with 10-14 tepals. The original tree was 3m (10ft) tall by 3m (10ft) wide, multi-stemmed and bushy at 13 years of age; similar in appearance to M. sieboldii 'Colossus'; functions well as a female parent in crosses with evergreen magnolias; created, named and registered (2000) by Dr. August Kehr; previously identified as #17-6 in Dr. Kehr's collection.

Princess Margaret
[M. campbellii, (unknown)], cv. (Jour. Roy. HORT, Soc. 99: 273. 1974), given as M. cv. Princess Margaret. Received F. C. C. 17 April 1973. Seedling of M. campbellii  var. alba hybridized with unknown. Tree from 1957 seed, 20 ft. high in 1973, flower to 11 in, across, has petals from 3 1/4 to 5 in. long by 2 1/4 to 3 in. wide; outside shading from red purple 578 to C to D and inside cream tinged with red purple group 68D; numerous stamens tinged red purple group 70C outside. deeper flower color with larger, less rounded petals than in cv. Charles Raffill. Scales of flower bud very hairy, with long silky hairs. Exhibited by crown estate commissioners, the Great Park, Windsor, Berkshire, England.

[M. denudata, M. stellata], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 18-19, 1984). ‘This pure white hybrid has more tepals than heptapeta [here, denudata], but retains the erect habit. Traces of pink in the ‘Waterlily’ parent do not come through.’ J. C. McDaniel, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois (Newsl. Amer. Mag. Soc. 15(2): 27-28, 1979). (M. stellata cv. Waterlily x M. denudata).

[M. x proctoriana], var. - the typical variety.

proctoriana 'Gloster form'

proctoriana 'Rosea'

proctoriana 'Treseder Clone'

[M. pumila], var. - the typical variety = M. coco.

[M. virginiana], var. (Nuttall, Amer. Jour. SCI. 5: 295. 1822), as M. glauca var. pumila. Leaves elliptic, acute. ‘A dwarf variety not exceeding three or four feet.’ Habitat: East Florida.

[M. liliiflora], cv. (Kelsey & Dayton, Stand. Pl. Names, Ed, 2, p. 376. 1942), per synonymy = cv. Nigra. In Plant Buyers Guide. Ed. 5, P. 169 (1949) = cv. Purpurea.

[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Kelsey & Dayton, Stand. Pl. Names, Ed. 2, P. 377. 1942), And in Plant Buyers Guide, Ed. 5, p. 169 (1949), per synonymy = cv. Rustica rubra.

Purple Breeze
[M. sargentiana, unknown] cv. (Magnolia 35(2) [Issue 68]: 17-18, 2000). ‘This selection…grew to 23 feet (7m) in 16 years; very early flowering–before M. sprengeri ‘Diva’ and ‘Charles Raffill,’ at the same time as ‘Leda.’ Massive flowering with purple tone on unopened flowers in the shade. Not very reminiscent of M. sargentiana ‘Robusta’ — more M. sprengeri-like. Using the RHS Color chart, the flower is Purple 75a outside on a closed flower in the shade, with light purple (75B to 75D) inside from edge to center; colors are lighter in sun and on opening. Each flower has 12 to 13 tepals 4 ½ inches x 2 inches (12cm x 5cm)apparently small as measured in 2000, and are thin and floppy on opening. The flowers are scented (like M. sprengeri ‘Diva’), and have an elongated Gynoecium [1.8 inches (45mm)] with a narrow ring (unopened androecium) of long, purple stamens [0.98 inches (25mm)]. Unopened flower buds are held perfectly in the axis of the shoot be it vertical or horizontal (no angle to the shoot). Outstanding cut flower when brought inside; good parent of several crosses at Herkenrode (that is, fertile). The plant was purchased in 1984 from Esveld, as Magnolia sargentiana var. robusta. It has been in this location since 1986, on good loamy soil in the arboretum. In 1985 it withstood a minimum of –2°F (-19°C), and in 1987 a long winter and minimum of –1°F (-17°C). It has also withstood many late spring frosts without damage to its stem or wood. It is one of the first magnolias to flower every year and flowered in 2000 (a very early season), from 12 to 30 March. Its flowers are quite resistant to morning frosts. Registered in April, 2000.’

Purple Dream
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Otto Eisenhut nursery catalog, p. 2, 1989, Ticino, Switzerland). Nomen nudum = M. x soulangeana cv. Deep Purple Dream.

Purple Eye
[M. denudata, (unknown)], cv. (Hilliers Man. of Trees and Shrubs, Ed. 2. 1973). ‘A large, wide-spreading large, fragrant, pure white with a purple stain at the base of inner petals. Probably of hybrid origin.’

Purple Globe

Purple Prince
[M. liliiflora, M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 19, 1984). ‘Has 6 tepals and no sepals. Tepal length 3-4 inches, width 3 inches. Flowers globular, similar in shape to ‘Lennei.’ Both outside and inside of the flowers colored the dark purple of ‘Nigra.’ Registered by Frank B. Galyon, Knoxville, Tennessee (Newsl. Amer. Mag. Soc. 12(2): 3, 1976). (M. liliiflora cv. Nigra x M. x soulangeana cv. Lennei).

Purple Princess
[M. liliiflora, M. x soulangeana], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 19, 1984). ‘Merely a change of name for the cultivar registered as x soulangeana ‘Melanie.’ Frank B. Galyon, Knoxville, Tennessee.’

Purple Saucer
[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Pitkin, Arb. Bull. Univ. Wash. 10 (4): 14. 1947), flowers purple or purple-red. In Armstrong Nurseries, Cat. p. 44. 1948, Ontario, California, as cv. Purple ('Purple Saucer Magnolia'), ‘the big blooms are lilac-purple on the outside and pastel mauve on the inside.’ Probably = cv. Rustica Rubra.

Purple Star

[M. denudata], cv. (Roy. Hort. Soc., Camellias And Magnolias, Conference Report, p, 102, 1950), a purple-eyed variety is mentioned, but no name is given it. nomen nudum.

[M. denudata], cv. see M. x soulangeana cv. Purpliana.

[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Sawada, Natl. Hort. Mag. 29: 56. 1950), flowers reddish-purple, tepals 9, blooms early. plant cultivated at Overlook Nurseries, Crichton Station, Mobile, Alabama. See Newsl. Amer. Magnol. Soc. 2 (1): 2 (1965) and 7 (1): 4, 5 (1970). Probably cv. of M. x soulangeana.

[M. denudata], var. (Maximowicz) Rehder & Wilson in Sargent, Pl. Wilson. 1: 401. 1913), only Japanese plants (not the Chinese). basionym: M. conspicua var. Purpurascens (Maximowicz, Bull. Acad. Sci., St. Petersb. 17: 419 (1872). syn.: M. purpurascens IHRIG.

[M. denudata], var. (Sensu Rehder & Wilson in Sargent, Pl. Wilson. 1: 401. 1913), The Chinese plants (not the Japanese). = M. sprengeri.

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Wada, Jap. Gard. Treas. p. 36, Hakoneya Nurs., Numazu-Shi, Japan, circa 1925), ‘the immense white flowers are tinted pink at the base, very rare.’

[M. sprengeri], cv. (Stapf, Bot. Mag.. 152: T. 9116. 1927) = cv. Diva, per Johnstone, Asiatic Magnol. 83 (1955).

[M. denudata], var. (Curtis) Schneider, Ill. Handb. Laubh. 1: 330. 1905) = M. liliiflora DESR.

[M. liliiflora], cv. (Curtis, Bot. Mag. 11: t. 390. 1797), as M. purpurea. Layritz, Arb. Bull. Univ. Wash. 10 (4): 11 (1947), says that it comes from China. W. B. Clarke, Arb. Bull. Univ. Wash. 11 (1): 23 (1948), says it is nothing but plain M. liliiflora. Per Bean, Trees & Shrubs Brit. Is. 2: 279 (1951), flowers larger than the type, wholly purple outside, very deep purple towards the base of the petals.

[M. x soulangeana], cv. (Madlinger, Bull. W. C. Paul Arb. 1. 1960, Memphis, Tennessee), ‘flowers purple outside, creamy white inside.’ Per Wyman, Arnoldia 20: 28 (1960), ‘Probably a name applied to mediocre seedlings.’

[M. virginiana], cv. (Bosse, Vollst. Handb. Blumeng., Ed. 2, 2: 464. 1841), as M. glauca var. pygmaea. Described as evergreen, dwarf form. Compare var. parva and var. pumila.

[M. auriculata], var. (Bartram) Nuttall, Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 18. 1818) = M. pyramidata.

[M. fraseri], var. (Bartram) Torrey & Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 1: 43. (1838) = M. pyramidata bartram.

[M. grandiflora], cv. (Nehrling, My Garden in Fla. 103. 1944), pyramidal, dense, leaves of medium size, brownish beneath. flowers large.

[M. pyramidata], var. - the typical variety.

[M. umbrella], var. (Bartram) Parmentier, Bull. Sci. France & Belg. 27: 253, 336 (1896) = M. pyramidata.

Quarry Wood
[M. wilsonii], cv. (Bentley, Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc. 73: 266, Fig. 97. 1948). Possibly of hybrid origin involving M. sinensis which was growing near to M. wilsonii. See Johnstone, Asiatic Magnol. T. 12 opposite p. 124 (1955).

Queen Caroline
[M. campbellii], cv. (Magnolia 20(1) [Issue 37]: 19, 1984). ‘Flowers 9 inches across, rich red-purple on the outside, paler inside when fully opened’ (Newsl. Amer. Mag. Soc. 15(1): 20, 1979).